Мною представлен урок в 9-м классе по теме «Good and bad habits»,цикл 4 «Healthy Living Guide», который разработан на основе УМК «Happy English-4» под редакцией В.П. Кузовлева и др.
Характерными чертами урока являются речевая активность, функциональность, ситуативность, индивидуализация.
Это можно проследить в целях урока: Обучающие: формировать лексические навыки по теме "Good and bad habits”; формировать навыки чтения с целью поиска конкретной информации; формировать навыки чтения с общим охватом содержания; формировать умение говорить на основе прочитанного; формировать грамматические навыки – повторить наречия и степени сравнения. Воспитательные: формирование ответственного отношения к здоровью. Образовательные: знакомить учащихся с мнением британцев о здоровом образе жизни, полезных и вредных привычках, дать понятие о наиболее популярных продуктах питания. Развивающие: развивать мыслительные операции (способность устанавливать логические связи); развивать личностную активность (высказывать свою точку зрения).
1. Наглядные пособия (плакат «Healthy types of food»).
2. Раздаточный материал (карточки).
3. Учебники «Happy English-4»; «Activity Books» (Кузовлев В. П.). III четверть. Unit 4. ,,Healthy Living Guide"
Teacher: Good morning, boys and girls! How are you getting on today? What shall we do today? We are going to deal with the very important problem – good and bad habits, because the unit is called "Healthy Living Guide”. So we have a lot of work today. Let us begin. Look at the blackboard. There are our aims on it.
1. To learn and train new words.
2. To read the text and try to speak.
3. To revise adverbs.
Teacher: So you see one interesting saying "Eat at pleasure, drink with measure " (Ешь в волю, пей в меру).
Pupils say how they understand this proverb.
Teacher: Open your books at page 98 and you can learn what habits our health consists of.
Учащиеся высказывают мнение о плохих и хороших привычках.
Фонетическая и речевая зарядка
Teacher: First, look at the blackboard. You see the words. Let us read them and translate. You see the words without translation. Try to guess. a diet – wholemeal – сделанный из непросеянной муки fibre – волокно, клетчатка obesity – ожирение sin – грех smoking – курение alcohol – weight – вес to keep fit – держать форму carbohydrate – углeвод overweight – весящий больше нормы to be rich in – быть богатыми slimmer – человек, сидящий на диете envy – зависть anger – гнев inactivity – бездеятельность skip – пропускать protein – calcium – gums – дёсны eyesight – зрение dairy – молочные продукты
Учащиеся проговаривают слова в режимах: учитель – ученики; учитель – ученик.
Grammar for revision
Teacher: Open your activity books , ex. 1, 2., p. 45. Вспомнить наречия little, much, many, a lot of и сравнительную степень этих наречий. Затем учащиеся выполняют упражнения.
Complete these healthy eating tips using much, many, little, a lot of.
Too ----- food makes you thin.
Too ----- food makes you fat
Too ----- sweets are bad for you, especially for your teeth.
Eat ----- high fat food and ----- fibre.
----- fruit and vegetables keep you healthy.
Walking ----- makes you fit.
Sleeping too ----- or too ----- can make you nervous and restless.
Key: little, much, many, little, much, a lot of, much, much, little.
Во втором упражнении учащиеся исправляют ошибки.
Correct the mistakes
1. Eat more sugar. (less)
2. Don’t eat vegetables.
3. Eat many fat. (little)
4. Eat the same things. (different)
5. Eat less fresh fruit. (more)
6. Eat a lot of salt. (little)
7. Eat a lot between meals. (don’t)
Работа над чтением
Teacher: Now please, open your student books at page 99. You can see the text "Seven Deadly Health Sins ". Read the text, name modern health sins and get ready to answer my questions.
Ученики читают текст и выискивают современные грехи людей, которые влияют на здоровье человека. "Seven Deadly Health Sins"
When the Bible set down the Seven Deadly Sins they were not meant to be taken literally. Few of us will die of pride (гордость), envy or anger. There are, however, modern health sins which are in fact far more deadly.
Two of them – obesity and physical inactivity are known from ancient times .They are joined by the modern bad habits: smoking and drinking too much alcohol , and the surprising ‘danger’ of sleeping too much or too little, eating between meals and skipping breakfast. In combination, these poor health habits could double the chance of dying or lead to different diseases (болезни) for those who survive.
Of course sleeping too much or too little, snacking and skipping breakfast are not quite as deadly as smoking, obesity and drinking. But they are indicative of dangerously chaotic lifestyles.
Regularity in life promotes your health. Sleeping seven or eight hours , getting up early, eating breakfast, a healthy diet and regular meals is really a good way to live.
Teacher: So what are the modern health sins?
Pupil 1: I think, one of the modern sins is obesity.
Pupil 2: To my mind, one of the modern sins is physical inactivity (smoking, drinking too much alcohol, eating between meals, skipping breakfast).
Teacher: I would like you to pay your attention that health is not something that comes to you by accident. Our health depends on many things: the food we eat, our good or bad habits, our physical activity.
Open your books at page 101 and look through these bits of information about British people. These facts are taken from newspapers and magazines.
Popular ways to lose weight and avoid gaining it
Cut out snacks and desserts – 42%
Eat less of everything – 37%
Exercise more – 32%
Cut down on fat – 32%
Do not eat at night – 29 %
Eat more fruit and vegetables – 20%
Count calories – 19%
Eat less red meat – 19%
Use low-calorie foods – 12%
Follow a diet – 1%
Teacher: What is your attitude towards the following facts? Do they seem suprising to you?
Учащиеся формулируют ответы, используя степени сравнения прилагательных и наречий.
Например: It is surprising that British people eat more fibre food now. It suprises me that to cut out snack and desserts is more popular than to exercise more.
Teacher: What do we know about healthy eating? Eating the proper foods is important to stay healthy. Do you agree with me? Look at this poster, read and get ready to answer my questions, to share your opinions.
На доске плакат
The questions for discussion:
1. What are the five basic types of food a person should eat?
Answer: Meat, dairy, fruits, vegetables, bread, cereal, fats, sugar.
2. What foods contain carbohydrates?
Answer: Fruits, bread, cereals, rice, potatoes, peas, beans, sugar.
3. What does dairy build in our body?
Answer: Dairy builds strong teeth and bones by providing calcium.
4. Why are fruits and vegetables important for our health?
Answer: Fruits and vegetables help us have healthy gums, good eyesight by providing Vitamins A and C.
5. What do you usually eat for breakfast? What groups are the foods from? What do people in your country usually eat for breakfast?
Answer: I have... /I always have cereal for breakfast.
6. What do you usually have for dinner? What groups are the foods from? What do people in your country usually eat for dinner?
7. What do you usually eat for supper? What groups are the foods from? What do people in your country usually eat for supper?
8. What snacks are healthy for you to eat?
9. What is junk food? Give some examples.
Answer: I always/ never eat...
10. Is it healthy to skip meals?
Answer: No. It may affect your energy level and you might be weak, nervous (jumpy) or irritable (in a bad mood).
11. Why are fresh fruits and vegetables better for you than canned fruits and vegetables?
Answer: Fresh fruits and vegetables have more vitamins.
Teacher: So thank you very much for your work. Your homework is to read and translate the dialogue.
(Учитель раздаёт карточки с диалогом).
DIALOGUE: "DISCUSSING NUTRITION PROBLEMS"
Simon: I've been living in this country for more than seven years, but I don't yet understand why there is so much talk about nutrition as a growing science.
Tom (his American friend): Americans want to be healthy. But most of us have no understanding of nutrition problems.
Simon: Whenever I see my family doctor, he advises me to stick to a low cholesterol diet.
Tom: And do you follow his advice?
Simon: It's hard to stick to a diet with my busy schedule.
Tom: For your health it's very important to get a balanced diet.
Simon: What is a balanced diet?
Tom: Adults can get a balanced diet by including foods from the four main groups. These are the milk group (milk, cheese, yogurt, and other dairy foods); the meat group (meat, poultry, fish, eggs, and meat alternatives such as beans, lentils, and nuts); the bread group (bread, cereals, noodles etc.,); and the vegetable and fruit group.
Simon: Can people who don't eat meat or fish stay healthy?
Tom: Absolutely; by eating enough dairy foods and meat alternatives people can get essential proteins.
Simon: What about the nutritional value of canned vegetables that we buy at the supermarket?
Tom: The nutritional difference depends more on how vegetables are prepared than on whether they are bought fresh or canned.
Simon: I am amazed how knowledgeable you are. You could become a professional dietitian.
Tom: It's just my hobby to read about food and health.
Simon: I was told to avoid such food as bread and potatoes, what's your view of point?
Tom: By avoiding bread and potatoes, you cut out several В vitamins, vitamin С and other nutrients.
Simon: Are extra vitamin dosages useful?
Tom: You shouldn't take more vitamins than the body needs.
Simon:Thank you for your valuable information.
Teacher: Your marks are ____. Good bye! The lesson is over.