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Главная » Файлы » ОТКРЫТЫЙ УРОК » ИНОСТРАННЫЕ ЯЗЫКИ

A MIRROR OF CURRENT AFFAIRS
07.03.2011, 20:27:33

Objectives:

• to broaden students' knowledge the topic "Mass media. Press"

• to present and practise words and expressions on the topic

• to develop learners' skills of intensive reading

• to develop students' cognitive and creative skills

Warm up

Try to explain why press is called a mirror of current affairs.

Introducing the Topic

Vocabulary

Key words:

the press: the national press; the foreign press; the daily press; to appear in the press; freedom of the press.

daily: a daily newspaper; to appear daily, weekly: a weekly newspaper; a weekly magazine, monthly: a monthly magazine.

to subscribe: to subscribe to a newspaper and a magazine.

subscriber, subscription: a subscription to a newspaper or a magazine.

issue, to issue: the issue of a newspaper; the latest issue; to buy the lat­est issue; a topical issue; international and domestic issues; to issue a news­paper.

to edit, edition: a cheap edition; a popular edition; an evening edition of a newspaper; English edition; to publish a new edition; an edition of 25,000 copies.

editor: editor-in-chief; newspaper editor; magazine editor, editorial: board.

item: news item; an item on the programme.

Listening

Pre-listening task

Listen to the text and try to predict the answers to the questions.

1. What kinds of mass media do you know?

2. What was the earliest kind of mass media?

3. What advantages do newspapers have over the other kinds of mass media.

4. What is the difference between the newspaper and the magazine?

MASS MEDIA AS THE MOST POWERFUL PROPAGANDA WEAPON

Mass media are one of the most characteristic features of modern civi­lization. People are united into one global community with the help of mass media. People can learn about what is happening in the world very fast using mass media. Mass media consists of the press, radio and television. The press is considered to be the fourth power of a state alongside with legislative, executive and judicial power. And it is quite natural because the press has the tremendous influence upon people's minds and souls.

This century is called the age of information. People in different far-off continents get to know the latest news immediately. A great number of newspapers and magazines are published every day in the world. They are published in different countries and in different languages, they provide various sorts of information, present it in quite different ways, but each issue of a newspaper influences its readers, makes contribution to the formation of the readers' outlook.

The earUest kind of mass media was newspaper. The first newspaper was Roman handwritten news sheet called "Acta Diurna" started in 59 B.C. Mag­azines appeared in 1700's. They developed from newspapers and booksellers' catalogs. Radio and television appeared only in the 20th century.

Newspapers can present and comment on the news in much detail in com­parison to radio and TV news casts. Newspapers can cover much more events and news.

Magazines do not focus on daily, rapidly changing events. They provide more profound analysis of events of preceding week. Magazines are designed to be kept for a longer time so they have covers and bindings and are printed on better paper.

Vocabulary:

news sheet — письмо

news casts — обзор новостей

covers — обложки, обертки

bindings — палитурки

Post-listening activity

Check your predictions if you were right or wrong.

Relaxation

Guess the riddle: What is it that is black and white, and yet red all over? The answer: A newspaper. (The paper is white and the words are black and it is read all over.)

Reading

Work in groups.

The students of the first group read the text about newspapers and answer the questions to the text. The students of the second group read the text about magazines and answer the questions about the magazines.

After this the students of different groups exchange their representatives and they tell the students of the other group all the information they know about newspapers and magazines.

Group 1

Read the text using the following interactive reading strategy: put some marks on the margins:

S — information you know;

--information that contradicts your ideas;

+ — new information;

? — information you are interested

NEWSPAPER

Newspaper is a publication that presents and comments on the news. Newspapers play an important role in sharing public opinion and informing people of current events.

The first newspaper were probably handwritten newssheets posted in pub­lic places. The earliest daily newssheet was "Acta Diuma" ("Daijy Events") which started in Rome in 59 B.C. The first printed newspaper was Chinese publication called "Dibao" ("Ti-pao") started in A.D. 700's. It was printed from carved wooden blocks. The first regularly published newspaper in Europe was "Avisa Relation" or "Zeitung", started in Germany in 1609.

Newspapers have certain advantages over other mass media — magazines, TV and radio. Newspaper can cover more news and in much detail than TV or radio news cast can do. Magazines focus on major national and international events of the preceding week. But newspaper focuses on local news as well as provides information and comments faster than magazines can do.

There are about 1,700 daily and 7,500 weekly newspapers in the US. The circulation of some weeklies is no more that a few hundred of copies per issue and the circulation of some dailies is over a million of copies.

There are daily and weekly newspapers. Daily newspapers print world, national and local news. Many dailies are morning papers, others are after­noon papers. Sunday issues of the dailies are usually larger than the weekday ones.

They may include special sections on such topics as entertainment, finance and travel or Sunday magazine, a guide to TV programmes, colored comics.

Weekly newspapers serve usually for smaller areas. They are printed in small communities where people know each other and are interested in activi­ties of their friends and neighbours.

Vocabulary:

carved wooden block — резбленная деревянная доска

advantage преимущество

 news cast обзор новостей

circulation — тираж

guide to TV programme — программа передач

Questions.

1. What are the names of the first newspapers?

2. What are the advantages of newspapers over the other mass media?

3. How many newspapers are there in the USA?

4. What do weekly newspapers focus on?

5. What do daily newspapers print?

Group 2

Read the text using the following interactive reading strategy: put some marks on the margins:

S — information you know;

--information that contradicts your ideas;

+ — new information;

? — information you are interested

MAGAZINE

Magazine is one of the major mass media. Magazine is a collection of arti­cles and stories. Magazines also contain illustrations.

The earliest magazines developed from newspapers and bookseller cata­logs. Such catalogs first appeared during the 1600's in France. In the 1700's pamphlets pubUshed a regular intervals appeared in England and America. They were literary publications. One of the first British magazines "The Gen­tleman's Magazine" was pubUshed from 1731 to 1814. The first American magazine was caUed "American Magazine" or "A Monthly View". Magazines provide information on wide range of topics such as business, culture, hobbies, medicine, religion, science and sport. Magazines are designed to be kept for a longer time in comparison with newspapers and that's why they are printed on a better paper and have covers and bindings. Magazines, unlike newspapers, do not focus on daily, rapidly changing events.

There are specialized magazines intended for a special business, industrial and professional groups, and consumer magazines intended for general public. There are several kinds of consumer magazines.

Children's magazines contain stories, jokes, articles on subjects especiaUy interesting for children and instructions for making games or useful items.

Hobby magazines are intended for collectors of coins, stamps, and other items; People interested in certain sports or games; photography en­thusiasts.

Intellectual magazines provide analysis of current cultural and political events. Many of them publish fiction and poetry as well.

Men's magazines focus on such topics as adventure, entertainment, men's fashion and sports.

Woman's magazines deal with child-bringing, fashion, romance. They of­fer ideas on cooking and home decorating. Many of the monthlies with big circulation are women's magazines.

Vocabulary: pamphlet — брошура fiction — художній твір entertain — розважати to focus — зосередитися

Questions.

1. What did magazines develop from?

2. What is the name of the first US magazine?

3. What kinds of information do magazines provide?

4. What is the difference in contents between a magazine and a newspaper?

5. What kinds of magazines are there?

6. What do they deal with?

Work in groups

Group 1

The students of the first group make up cinquaint

NEWSPAPER

Group 2

The students of the first group make up cinquaint magazine.

Magazines are designed to be kept for a longer time in comparison with newspapers and that's why they are printed on a better paper and have covers and bindings. Magazines, unlike newspapers, do not focus on daily, rapidly changing events.

There are specialized magazines intended for a special business, industrial and professional groups, and consumer magazines intended for general public. There are several kinds of consumer magazines.

Children's magazines contain stories, jokes, articles on subjects especially interesting for children and instructions for making games or useful items.

Hobby magazines are intended for collectors of coins, stamps, and other items; People interested in certain sports or games; photography en­thusiasts.

Intellectual magazines provide analysis of current cultural and political events. Many of them publish fiction and poetry as well.

Men's magazines focus on such topics as adventure, entertainment, men's fashion and sports.

Woman's magazines deal with child-bringing, fashion, romance. They of­fer ideas on cooking and home decorating. Many of the monthlies with big circulation are women's magazines.

Категория: ИНОСТРАННЫЕ ЯЗЫКИ | Добавил: tineydgers | Теги: открытый урок, в помощь учителю английского языка, конспект урока, английский язык в школе, скачать бесплатно, Teachers
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