данного урока является:
Ознакомление с Рождественскими традициями и обычаями Великобритании и
сравнение их с другими европейскими традициями и обычаями.
Проверка навыков разговорной речи, умение понимать речь на слух и
выразить свое отношение к услышанному.
Оформление урока предлагается делать произвольно, в соответствии с традициями
Великобритании. ( Рождественская елка, венки, свечи, носки с подарками,
рождественские пироги для завершающего урок чаепития)
проходит в соревновательной и игровой форме, команда- победительница
награждается призом, команды-участницы также получают рождественские подарки.
TRADITIONS AND CUSTOMS
Christmas is а Christian holiday. It is the birthday of Jesus
In our country it is on the 7th
of January. In the Roman Church it is on the 25th of December. To people
all over the world it is а time to get
together with all relatives and friends and to get and give presents.
Some families open their
presents on Christmas Eve, December 24th, give Christmas Resolutions, sing
Christmas carols and songs, play games. Some people go to their church for
Christmas service. Many families with children leave Christmas cookies, wassail
(святочное хождение из дома в дом с пением рождественских гимнов) or eggnog (яичный желток, растертый с сахаром, с добавлением сливок молока или спиртного напитка), and perhaps a carrot or two by the fireplace.
Little children go to bed and dream of what presents they'll find under the
tree when they wake up. Most children believe that а magical person Santa Claus will visit them. "He
is а cheerful old man with а beard that's long and a white, cherry nose, а cap on head and а suit that's
red." He comes down the chimney and leaves presents for the family.
There are а lot of Christmas customs and traditions in Britain.
One of them is to hang stockings on the mantel to be filled with presents.
The next one is the Christmas
Tree which is decorated with coloured glass balls and toys, sweets, bells.
There is usually а bright star or the
figure of the Christmas angel at the top of the tree.
Decorating the house with
"boughs of holly" (сук, ветка, падуб) is an old British
custom. It is а bush with red berries and
Mistletoe is another Christmas
symbol. It is tied with ribbons and hung up in doorways. By custom anyone
standing under the mistletoe gets to be kissed.
In front of most churches the
Jesus' place of birth is usually represented. Here we can see Joseph, Mary,
stable animals - sheep, cows, goats, shepherds, angels, the wise men, and of
course, the baby Jesus asleep in his manger (Eight reindeer - their names:
Dasher, Dancer, Prancer, Vixen, Comet, Cupid, Donder, Blitzen.)
T.: Today we're having not a
usual lesson. It's a holiday today. Don't you know what holiday it is?
P': It's Christmas.
T.: Thank you. You are
absolutely right. Every year in December people of all Christian World
celebrate the birthday of Jesus Christ - that's why we call this time
Christmas. It is a magical season when families and friends get together to
share the customs and traditions which have been around for centuries. A little
later we’ll talk about the most important customs and traditions of the
holiday, but first let's try to understand what's the origin of this holiday,
when and where it was born.(Watch the film)
You know that this holiday
appeared many centuries ago.
Can you tell me who was Jesus'
Who was his father? (Joseph)
What city was he born in?
Where was he born? (In the
stable, in the manger)
3. T.: I am very pleased that
you remember these names. I have one more question to you. People in Europe
celebrate this holiday on the 25th of December, but when do we
celebrate Christmas in Russia? (on the 7th of January).
4. That's all right.
We celebrate it on January, 7. Every country has its own customs and traditions
(слайды о европейских странах).
T.: Christmas has been
celebrated in England for thousands of years. According to the legend, King
Arthur started it in the city of York in 571. People nowadays start preparing for the holiday in
the beginning of December. People buy lots of presents and send cards to their
friends and relatives. It is mostly a family holiday. Englishmen decorate their
houses with green leaves, paper decorations, Christmas Trees and colorful
electric lights and glass toy s, balls and beds.
Holly and mistletoe are the
plants symbolizing Christmas. Red and green are the traditional colors of
Christmas. Green represents the continuance of life through the winter. Red
symbolizes the blood of Jesus at his Crucifixions. But the main symbol of
Christmas is the Christmas Tree.
The first Christmas Tree came
to England in 1841. Queen Victoria's husband Prince Albert brought it over from
Nowadays, in London, near the
statue of Lord Nelson in Trafalgar Square, a giant Christmas Tree is set up and
decorated each year. The Tree is a present from the people in Oslo, Norway.
5. T.: - What do people
usually do on Christmas?
P3: - They buy presents, decorate the trees, make holiday dinner,
sing Christmas songs, go to church, play games. T.: What do children usually do
Ps: They hang stockings, wait
for presents, play games, eat a lot of tasty things, etc
T.: Whom do children wait for
on Christmas Eve?
Ps: Santa Claus.
Т.: ОК. This is Santa Claus. Let's describe him. What does
he look like? What does he wear? What has he got in his hands?
Ps: - а man with... (a cherry nose)
- dressed in... (a red
- he has got... (a sack of
presents in his hands)
Т.: The most
important thing about Santa is that he always brings presents for children!
Lots of presents. And today Santa Claus has sent you presents, chocolates and
sweets, but he wants you to answer his questions, play Christmas games and do
Christmas crosswords and puzzles.
You are sitting at the desks
and you are three teams (the children choose the cards, proposed to them):
1) What are the names of your
с) Santa Clauses
2) What can you tell us about:
snowflakes, snowmen, Santa
Clause. Describe them.
The children describe a
snowman, a snowflake, Santa.
3) Santa has sent you letters
- read them and
- put the paragraphs in order
- read the letters, don't
forget that they have
a) the introduction
b) the main part
с) the conclusion
The students of different
teams tell about the letters of the neighbouring teams.
7. Now let us sing Jingle
8.( по слайдам разгадывать шарады (если останется время)):Use the images below to make a snowman, Santa is
lost. Can you help him find his way back to the North Pole?)
Thank you for the lesson!
Don't forget to congratulate your parents, relatives, teachers and friends with
this charming holiday. Let's sing
"We Wish You A Merry Christmas",