• to introduce the theme
• to develop speaking skills of students' through methods of interactive
• to practise learners' writing skills Warm up
Do you know where the name Ukraine come from?
The term Ukraine was first mentioned in the chronicles of ancient Slavs
in the 12th century as a geographical name for the southern lands of the
ancient Rus State, a powerful state which in the 9th — 11th centuries covered a
large territory from the Carpathian Mountains to the Volga River, from the
Black Sea to the Baltic and White seas.
Kyiv Rus was the historical cradle of not only three fraternal Slav nations
— the Russians, Ukrainians and Byelorussians; over 20 non-Slavic people of the
Baltic, Volga, Northern Caucasus and Black sea areas took the first steps in
their socio-political development within the boundaries of this state.
In the process of the creation of the Ukrainian nationality the name
Ukraine gradually began to be associated with south western Rus territories of
Kyiv, Chernihiv, \blyn, Podillia, Eastern Halychyna, Transcarpathia, Northern Bukovynaand
Zaporizka regions. Later on the people who lived on these lands became to be
called as Ukrainians.
Introducing the Topic
Work in pairs
Read, dramatize the dialogues, make up your own one.
A. Have you ever visited Ukraine?
B. No, I've not. But I want to see it some time.
A. I visited this beautiful land once. It was six years ago. There can
be great changes now.
B. No doubt.
A. That's why I'd like to go there again.
B. We can do it this summer.
A. When will you have your leave?
B. In August. It begins on the tenth of August.
A. That's very good. Mine begins on the seventh of August.
B. We'll go to Kyiv by plane and then by bus throughout Ukraine.
A. That's fine. I like travelling by bus. One can see more of the
country. We'll see typical Ukrainian villages and large industrial and cultural
B. If we travel by bus, we can stay at any place as long as we like. A.
Well. Next Sunday I'll come and we'll draw the route.
Suffice it to say — досить сказати stretch — простягатися plains
— рівнини network —
мережа pertain — належати basin — басейн depth
— глибина shallow —
GEOGRAPHICAL POSITION OF UKRAINE
Suffice it to say that Ukraine's territory is 603,7 thousand square kilometers. Two such countries as Italy can be placed
on this territory. Ukraine occupies the 42nd place in the world as to its
The country is situated in the south-eastern part of Central Europe. It
borders on the Russian Federation, Byelorus, Moldova, Poland, Slovakiia, Hungary
The territory of the country stretches for 893 kilometres from north to south. Most of Ukraine's territory consists of
plains and mountains (5 %). You can see the
Carpathians in the west and the Crimean in the south of Ukraine. The highest
peak in our country is Mount Hoverla in the Carpathians which is 2,
061 metres high.
Ukraine's territory is washed by the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov in
the south. Close to 96 % of the river network
pertains to this basin. The depth of the water area near the Ukrainian coast is
no more than 100-120 metres.
Great depths near the shore may be found only at the south coast of the Crimea —
up to 102 kilometres.
The Sea of Azov is very shallow, the shores are low, with the length of its
marine border being 1, 053 kilometres.
The Dnieper is the main river in Ukraine. It is one of the longest
rivers in the world. Besides the Dnieper there are the Dniester, the Bug, the
Donets, which provide Ukraine with water.
Ukraine has the following sea ports: Odessa, Mariupol, Kerch, Kherson.
Answer the questions. 1. Where is Ukraine
2. What's its territory?
3. What countries does Ukraine border on?
4. Do you agree that Ukraine is a country of remarkable beauty? If you
do, prove it.
5. What are the main rivers in our country? What do rivers provide Ukraine
6. What can you tell about the mountains on the territory of Ukraine?
7. What is the country washed by?
8. Could you name some big ports in Ukraine? What are they?
The eighth word in the text is omitted. Try to guess it.
GEOGRAPHICAL POSITION OF UKRAINE
Ukraine's area is 233,088 square miles (603,700_(sq. km). It's slightly larger
than France. Ukraine_(is) mainly a vast plain with no natural_(boundaries)
except the Carpathian Mountains in the south-west_(and) the Black Sea in the
Central_(and) southern Ukraine is primarily steppe, with fertile_(black)
soils exceptionally suited for grain farming. In_(the) east there is the
industrial heartland containing_(large) reserves of mineral deposits
known as the_(Greater) Donbas or Donetsk Basin.
Northern and western_(Ukraine) are hilly, forested areas with many picturesque_(mountain)
resorts. There are two mountain ranges, the_(Carpathian) on its western border
where winter sports_(are) very popular;
and the Crimean range, which_(divides) the Crimean peninsular. The Crimea
is a_(favourite) destination not only for Ukrainian tourists, but_(also) for
the people from eastern and western_(Europe).
Work in pairs
Ask your partner and tell him / her about the geographical position of
Ukraine, name all rivers, seas, mountains, sea ports. What countries does
Ukraine border on? What can you say about the Crimea?
Write 10—15 sentences about geographical position of Ukraine (about rivers,
lakes, mountains, seas) what countries does Ukraine border on?
Write an essay "Ukraine today".