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Главная » Файлы » ОТКРЫТЫЙ УРОК » ИНОСТРАННЫЕ ЯЗЫКИ

LEARNING IN BRITAIN
07.03.2011, 20:41:24

Objectives:

• to practice students' reading skills, using interactive reading strategies

• to develop learners' litening skills

• to role-play s situation

Warm up

Try to find three mistakes in the following sentences: In England and Scotland (Wales) compulsory school begins at the age of 7 (5). School is compulsory till the children are 18 (16) years old.

Introducing the Topic

Reading

Pre-reading task

Try to predict the answers to the questions.

1.  What age do British children go to school at?

2. How many years are they to stay at school?

3. What different types of schools are there in Britain?

4. Is education in all of them paid or free?

5. What can you say about comprehensive schools in Britain?

While-reading activity

Read the text using the following interactive reading strategy: put some marks on the margins:

S — information you know;

--information that contradicts your ideas;

+ — new information;

? — information you are interested

LEARNING IN BRITAIN

There are at present over 9,5 million children attending about 38,000 schools in Britain. Some 12,270 schools have been built since 1945.

State schools. Children must start at school when they are 5 and stay until they are at least 15. State education is free.

Pre-school education is provided in nursery schools and nursery classes for children from the age of 2 to 5 (under 5).

At first children go to primary school. Primary schools consist of the infant school and the junior school. At infant school children age 5-7 in the form of games learn the 3R's: Reading, Writing and Arithmetic. It is learning through experience. Children sit at the tables that are grouped into 6 or 8 places. Much time is devoted to playing, drawing, painting, music and doing physical exer­cises.

The Junior school is for the children aged 7 toll. Most Junior schools carry out the policy of streaming. A — for the cleverest, B — for the next abil­ity, and C — satisfactory.

After finishing Junior school children can go to a secondary school. Until the 1960s most children took an examination at the end of Primary school (the Eleven Plus): those who passed went to grammar school (25 %) while those who didn't went to secondary modern school (75 %).

What was the Eleven Plus examination? It was an examination for children who are 11 years old or a little older (eleven plus some months) in English and arithmetic. There was also intelhgence testing. Each boy or girl was given a printed test paper: 100 questions and 5 answers to each question. The time was limited. All the examinations were in the written form.

Secondary Schools can be divided into Grammar, Secondary Modern and Comprehensive, according to the system adopted by the local authority. The majority (90 %) attend comprehensives, which attend the children of the dis­trict irrespective of their intelligence. When the students are 16 years old, they may take an exam in various subjects in order to give a qualification .These qualifications can be GCSE (General Certificate of Secondary education) or "О" level (Ordinary level). Students can choose any number of subjects in their curriculum; some may take six or seven GCSEs, some only two. After sitting their GCSEs or "0" level's students can either leave school and start working or continue their study in the same school as before. If they are continue, when they are eighteen, they have to take further examinations called "A levels" (Ad­vanced or Academic levels), normally two or three, for getting into university or college. Secondary modern school concentracte on practical work. Biys are instructed in metal and woodwork, girls — in domestic science and cooking. The children leave the school at 15 with a certificate or Written evidence of their studies.

Some parents, only 6 %, choose independent schools for their children. These are very expensive but considered to provide a better education and good job opportunities. Most of the schools are for boys. They live ib sepa­rate houses. Mich attention is paid to sport. The oldest and the most exclu­sive public schools for buys are Eaton and Harrow and for girls — Chelten­ham Ladies.

Post—reading activity

A) Write the correct word in the blank.

1. Pre-school education is provided in_schools.

2. Children aged 5-7 learn the 3R's: Reading,_,_.

3. Most junior schools carry out the policy of_.

4. Comprehensive schools provide_education.

5. About 7 % of pupils go to_schools.

B) Complete the sentences with prepositions.

into; under; at; on; in

1. Children sit_the tables that are grouped into 6 or 8 places.

2. Primary pupils are to concentrate_math.

3. A typical classroom is divided_" areas".

4. The children can work alone or in praops_the guidance of the teach­er.

5.  _the PE pupils must observe fair play.

C) Check your predictions.

Listening

Listen to the dialogue and dramatize it. Vocabulary Notes

to qualify for admission to — мати право вступати до... curriculum — програма навчального закладу, навчальний план tuition fee — плата за навчання

A VISIT OF UKRAINIAN DELEGATION TO A BRITISH SCHOOL

BR. This is the Hendon Modern Secondary School. Ours is a boys' school. It has 650 boys on roll, ranging in age 11 to 16.

U. So boys and girls in your country attend separate schools?

BR. We have girls' schools as well as boys' schools. However there are mixed (co-educational) schiils in our country too.

U. You said your school was a modern secondary school. Now, is there any difference between modern secondary school and grammar secondary school?

BR. They differ a good deal, I should say. For example, the modern se­condary school doesn't provide courses enabling a pupil to goin for certificate-examinations at the advanced level — that is, at the levelnecessary to qualify for admission to the university.

U. Do you mean that the curriculum of the modern secondary school doesn't include the subjects required for entrance to a university?

BR. No. not quite that. I mean that the knowledge the pupiks get in these subjects is too elementary.

U. Have your universities competitive entrance examinations as we have in our country?

BR. No, there are no entrance examinations, but universitiy emtrance re­quirements are high, and as a rule, only pupils finishing a grammar secondary school are able to qualify.

U. Is there a tuition fee at grammar schools?

BR. Most of the grammar schools charge tuition fees.

U. You also have private schools, haven't you?

BR. These are the Public schools, such as Harrow, Eton, Rugby and others.

A) Dramatize the dialogue between the representatives of Ukrainian delega­tion and the Hendon Modern Secondary School.

B) What did you know about secondary education in Great Britain? Each student tells 1—2 sentence(s) about the system of educaton in Britain.

Relaxation

A minute for a joke

The more we learn, the more we know. The more we know, the more we forfet. The more we forget, the less we know. The less we know, the less we forget. The less we forget, the more we know. So why study?

Reading

Work in pairs.

All the students are divided into A and B. They all receive just the same text, but with different gaps. Student A asks Student B the questions about the school day in Englnd, and student B gets the information about the school day in Englnd from student A, asking him / her questions.

Student A Vocabulary

register — the list of all students in the class canteen — refreshment room assembly — a kind of meeting break — an interval

THE SCHOOL DAY IN ENGLAND

Each class in any English school has its own room and its own class

teacher (some people say (How?)_or_). At the beginning of the day

everyone goes to their own classroom (or form-room) and the teacher calls the register.

The teacher puts (What colour?)_mark by the names of the children

who are there, and a red mark by the names of those who are absent. Then,

if it it's (When?)_, he collects dinner-money from the children who have

their midday-meal in the canteen. Only those who live very near the school go home for dinner. After that, everyone goes down to a big hall for the as­sembly. During the assembly (Who?)_reads the notices... that is, any

pieces of information which can be interesting to the whole school. After the assembly everyone goes to the first lesson of the day. Each lesson lasts (How

long?)_. As soon as one lesson is finished, everyone gets ready for the

next one. But there is a 15-minute break in the middle of the morning and

sometimes in the afternoon as well. (When?)_, the children can drink

a small bottle of milk if they want to. After the four or five morning lessons, everyone has lunch, so there is a break of about an hour and a half. They call this the lunch-hour. Before and after eating the meal, the children can play in the playground or in the school field, if there is one. The afternoon is generally shorter that the morning. So time passes more quickly. Some pupils stay at school after the last lesson, (Why?)_

After A.D. Stoddart

Student B Vocabulary

register — the list of all students in the class canteen — refreshment room assembly — a kind of meeting break — an interval

THE SCHOOL DAY IN ENGLAND

Each class in any English school has its own room and its own class teacher (some people say form-teacher or form-master). (When?)_every­one goes to their own classroom (or form-room) and the teacher calls the register.

The teacher puts a black mark by the names of the children who are

there, and a (What colour?)_mark by the names of those who are absent.

Then, if it it's Monday, he collects dinner-money from the children who

have their midday-meal in the canteen. (Who?)_go home for dinner.

After that, everyone goes down to a big hall for the assembly. During the assembly the head master reads the notices... that is, any pieces of informa­tion which can be interesting to the whole school. (When?)_everyone

goes to the first lesson of the day. Each lesson lasts half an hour, or most forty minutes. As soos as one lesson is finished, everyone gets ready for the

next one. But there is a 15-minute break (When?)_. In the morning break,

the children can drink a small bottle of milk if they want to. After the four or five morning lessons, everyone has lunch, so there is a break of about an

hour and a half. They call this the lunch-hour. (When?)_, the children

can play (Where?). The afternoon is generally shorter that the morning. So time passes more quickly. Some pupils stay at school after the last lesson, because there are lots of interesting clubs.

After AD. Stoddart

The students retell the text in chain.

Homework

Write about your school day.

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ОБЩЕСТВОЗНАНИЕ

РАБОЧИЕ МАТЕРИАЛЫ К
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