Общедидактическая цель: создать условия
для осознания и осмысления блока новой учебной
информации, ее применения в новой учебной
Технология: критическое мышление (мозговой
штурм, дискуссия, синквейн, шляпы мышления).
- способствовать развитию практического
владения языком, умению вести беседу;
- создавать условия для формирования лексических
навыков говорения для подготовки учащихся к ЕГЭ;
- расширить кругозор по теме;
- реализовать межпредметные связи (история
- развитие лингво-культурной компетенции;
- активизация лексики и лексико-грамматических
конструкций по теме.
- создавать условия для формирования способности
к критическому мышлению;
- воспитывать умение внимательно слушать и
слышать, уважать другое мнение;
- формировать потребности и способности к
сотрудничеству и взаимопомощи при работе в
- создавать условия для развития
исследовательских умений учащихся, способности
к распределению внимания;
- развитие способности к переключению уровней
мышления (The Six Thinking Hats).
Оборудование урока: компьютер,
мультимедийный проектор, презентация урока
(Презентация.PPT), дидактический материал,
тексты для чтения, эпиграф на доске, "шляпы
разных цветов”, музыкальное сопровождение - Mattafix
"Big city life”.
Учащиеся должны уметь высказывать свою точку
зрения и понимать чужие точки зрения; уметь
оценивать результаты своего труда, давать
самооценку и проводить самокоррекцию.
Технология предполагает следующие этапы
I. Вызов – вызов интереса, логическое
предположение, все, что знаем по теме.
Актуализация знаний, мотивация, поиск того
ростка, который мы ищем, чтобы связать его с
II. Этап осмысления – пропускаем через себя
Обсуждение: высказаться должен каждый, каждый
должен быть услышан. Умение донести свою точку
зрения до каждого. Уметь воспринимать то, что
непонятно. Фиксировать совпадающие моменты.
III. Рефлексия – осмысление того, что мы
узнали. Новые знания выстраиваются в общую
God made the country, and man made the town.
The city is not a concrete jungle; it is a human zoo.
Good morning, my dear friends. I’m very glad to see you. I hope you
are fine. So
let’s get down to work.
The subject of today’s discussion is controversial. Today we are
going to talk about
advantages and disadvantages of living in a big city. We’ll compare
rural and urban way
of life and decide which of them is better. After the discussion you
should comment on the
following quotations and give your reasons.(You can see them on the
blackboard. They are
epigraphs of our lesson.) (слайд №2)
1. Let’s get down to the first task. Do you agree or not? Comment on
statements. Discuss them in groups. You should make comments based on
your own experience.
Don’t be shy, try to express your own opinion. Can you support what you
1. Life in a big city has got lots of disadvantages.
2. Young people prefer to live in big cities.
3. Life in big cities is much more passive.
4. It is very difficult to find friends in a big city.
5. Nothing is going on in a big city.
6. The entertainment is non-stop in a big city all year round.
7. Rural life is more preferable because everybody knows each other.
8. Hordes of people are trying to change the city life for the life
in the village.
9. It’s difficult to find a good job in a big city.
10. It’s dangerous to live in a big city nowadays as the crime rate
OK, as you can see there are different points of view. This subject
is really difficult
to discuss. Today we are going to use a new method which is called "Six
hats”. It will help to improve communication and decision-making in
groups and escape
from argument. It will make our thinking more effective. This method
forces you to move
outside your habitual thinking style, and helps you to get a more
rounded view of a
"The six thinking hats” are different ways of looking at an issue
that has to be
decided. Each thinking hat is a different style of thinking. Under the
white hat you
represent only the facts, or call for information known or needed. Under
the red hat you
express your feelings and emotions about the issue. Under the black hat
you try to find
disadvantages, the negative effects of the decision. Why something may
not work. Under the
yellow hat you look at the positive effects of the decision. It
symbolizes brightness and
optimism. Under the green hat you think about alternatives, new ideas,
is an opportunity to express new concepts and new perceptions. It
Under the blue hat you clarify which kind of thinking is going on. It is
used to manage
the thinking process, to organize the discussion. Today this hat will be
II. REALIZATION OF MEANING
2. I have prepared a very interesting text on the topic.
You’ll find a lot of
information in it so you should put the white hat. Let’s read
this text and check
your previous predictions.
PROBLEMS OF CITY AND COUNTRY LIFE
Cities grew over the centuries because they served aims that could
not have been served
otherwise. Two thousand years ago most people lived in the countryside.
It was not their
choice. Today, almost half of humanity lives in cities. Man has always
lived in groups. It
makes life safer and easier. Geography – rich soil, a safe
navigable river, ample
fresh water, easy defense, coal – was the start of many towns. In
Europe towns grew
over the strongholds of a local lord. Most of them developed as
buying and selling
centres; trade needed a market, and markets needed people.
Towns served their citizens very well if they in turn were served by
them. During the
Middle Ages when harvest failed, the nearby town offered hope of
survival. All successful
towns satisfied economic needs. For a peasant town was the only
place where he
might make a fortune. In the new industrial order, the city was the
nerve centre, brining
to a focus all dynamic economic forces: vast accumulation of
capital, business and
financial institutions, spreading railroad yards, factories, and armies
of manual and
clerical workers. For example, in the USA villages, attracting
people from the
countryside and from the land across the seas, grew into towns and towns
Life in the city is much easier than in the country – developed
transport system, sewerage
system, information, sports, shopping mails, etc. Modern men are
for simple country pleasures. There is far more entertainment in the
city than in the
country. Cities offer high concentration of good things in life: big
theatres, cinema, art galleries. Life is more convenient in a city:
services are always
better here. In the city people are more open-minded. It is possible to
go out, make
friends and never be cut off from them by weather conditions. Generally,
people do not
mind what you do in the city. In the country everybody knows you and
expects you to live
and behave in a certain way. Moreover, life is never dull in the city,
people always have
something to do here.
It is needless to say that the citizens are more advantaged in
education. The students
have museum classes and excursions. They can attend lectures and
preparatory courses and
therefore have more chances to enter this or that university. After
graduating from the
university the residents of big cities and more likely to find a
prestigious and well-paid
job, than the outsiders. They are more communicative, more experienced
and have more
friends, relatives and to help them. In the city people have more
chances to succeed.
The objections to city living are not convincing enough. People
easily adapt to various
inconveniences of city life. For example, noise and traffic are hardly
city-dwellers. In the city especially in our country people live in
central heating, telephone, gas, electricity, radio, TV, the Internet.
Most people love
cities. In 330 BC Aristotle wrote that by nature man belonged to a city.
Many people love
the busy city life. It is enough for them to visit a country at
It goes without saying that life in a big city has got a lot of
Pollution is the greatest disadvantage of the city life today. Polluted
air is hanging
like a brown cloud over cities. All big cities have problems with air
pollution. There was
still nothing anywhere like "killer-smog” which caused some 3000-4000
deaths in London
in December 1952. Mexico city’s air is famously filthy, as is
that of many
Indian, Chinese, and East European cities. Noise pollution is the
problem of big cities
Urban garbage – like food, paper, and cans – on the ground
or in the street is
one more problem of cities. People don’t always put their garbage in the
Urban garbage is ugly. It makes the city look dirty, and it spoils the
There are lots of other disadvantages of living in a big city.
Today’s cities are
ballooning. Bombay in 1960 was a jam-packed city of 4 mln. people. Now
Mexico city holds
around 18 m people. "The rash-hour” with crowded streets, packed trains,
that happens twice a day is one of them. Everyone grumbles about exorbitant
rents that must be paid for tiny flats which even country hens would disdain
live in. Apart from accommodation, the cost of living is very high. A
citizen runs into a
lot of extra expenses paying for public transport, snacks, food delivery
Besides, life in a big city is much more stressful than that in the
country it causes
stresses and heart disease. Drivers suffer from traffic jams accidents
and car crashes, pedestrians
curse rush hours, constant queuing and irregularity of public
transport. In addition,
people live under constant threat. Businessmen and clerks are scared to
lose their jobs
and become unemployed. Living conditions in crowded cities are similar
to those of animals
in a zoo and make inhabitants abnormally aggressive. So the crime rate
increasing. In the city people loose touch with land, rhythms of nature.
cares about his health tries to move out from the city. Cities are not
fit to live in, man
are born for countryside. Most people in Europe and America try to live
cities, which are set down near big cities and can not be killed by
pollution and traffic.
In the countryside people enjoy such simple things of primary
importance as sunlight
and fresh air. Besides, living in the countryside is cheaper and safer
than in a city. It
provides people with more security. There is less crime and, of course,
there is less
traffic there. Life in the countryside is quiet, peaceful, and healthy
if you like to be
close to nature. Here people are friendly and it is much more pleasant
in the countryside
than in the city. Unfortunately, life in the countryside is rather hard.
living conditions are difficult, social and cultural life in the
countryside is not full
of entertainment. And annually more and more young people flee
countryside for a better life in the city.
Certainly, the problem of employment in the countryside is very crucial
It is especially acute for the young people and professionals. As
a rule there are
few labour places for skilled agricultural workers and less for
villages do need teachers and physicians, they can not provide them with
facilities. There are few schools and clinics in the countryside.
Sometimes there is one
secondary school for several villages and children have to walk ten
kilometers to study
there. Usually either the village community is too poor to provide the
children with a bus
or the roads are too bad for the bus to run off them.
Surely, people should always be optimists and hope for a better life.
Where there is a
will there is a way. Nowadays we can witness the revival of some
villages. So far
they are few but annually their number is increasing.
Where would you prefer to live in the city or in the country?
||ручной, физический труд
3. Now let’s make a list of pros and cons for people
wishing to change the
city life for the life in the country or vice versa. You will have to
put the black
and the yellow hat.
Living in a big city
|Better living conditions
|More likely to find a well-paid job
|A lot of entertainment
||The level of crimes is high
|A lot of friends
||The cost of living is high
|Possibilities of getting a quality education
||Inhabitants are aggressive
|Life is more anonymous
Let’s exchange the hats.
Living in a village
||Rural life is boring
|Rural life is peaceful and healthy
||Living conditions are difficult
|Less traffic (noise)
||It’s difficult to find a good job
|To be close to nature
|The cost of living is low
||Social and cultural life is limited
||Narrower range of people to make friends
4. Well done! Your arguments are very helpful, but now it’s time to
put on the red
We live in one of the most beautiful cities in the world. We love
much. We are proud of our city. (You must stand up when you listen to
the anthem of
Saint-Petersburg.) Express your emotions towards our native city.
Write a short love
message devoted to our city (3 sentences will be enough.)
5. Let’s come to the conclusion and make up cinquains. I remind you
that it is a kind
of poem consisting of 5 lines (cinq means five in French). The first
line is a general
word on the topic, the second line consists of two adjectives which
describe this word,
the third line includes 3 verbs on the topic, the fourth line is the
main idea of your
poem (It must consist of 3-4 words) and the fifth line is a synonym of
the general word
You may work in groups. All your cinquains will be different. Read
aloud your cinquains
when you are ready. Don’t forget to put on the green hat which
|To live, to study, to work
||To farm, to relax, to water
|It is a concrete jungle
||Living in the country is my dream
6. Today’s discussion was very serious. We have covered the subject
I don’t think there is anything more to say on the subject. So the
general opinion seems
to be that we wouldn’t swap city life for anything in the world. I’d
like to thank you
for good work. Don’t forget to comment on the epigraphs of our lesson.
It will be your
homework. Our lesson is over. I wish you good luck.