If you don't think about the future, you won't have it.
- обобщение и закрепление активной лексики по
теме "Environment" в различных видах речевой
деятельности: в упражнениях по чтению, письму,
- развитие навыков монологического высказывания
учащихся по изученной теме с использованием
дополнительных источников информации.
- формирование у учащихся любви к природе,
чувства сопричастности к проблемам окружающей
среды и чувства ответственности за ее сохранение
перед грядущими поколениями.
- воспитание коллективизма, ответственности,
активности, находчивости, творческого отношения.
- мультимедийный проектор
- презентация к уроку
- фильм о Муравьевском парке (на английском языке)
- стики с промежуточными выводами
- выставка рисунков учащихся по теме
- карта России с обозначением экологически
неблагоприятных и опасных для жизни зон.
- карта Амурской области
Зучит запись песни М. Джексона "What about sunrise"
T: Dear boys and girls! Today we have an unusual lesson.
As you see, there are many
students from the 6-th up to the 11-th forms. We are going to work
together and I am sure
it'll be very interesting and useful for us.
The Earth is a garden.
It's a beautiful place
For all living creatures,
For all human race.
Food is a treasure
From the soil and the seas
Clean fresh air It's nature way!
From the plants and the heels
Helping mother Earth
We can peacefully roam
We all deserve a place
We can call our home.
The warmth of the sun
Turns water into rain
Т: Boys and girls! Today we have a very serious subject to
speak at. It is
Many years ago man lived in harmony with nature because industry was
developed. Today the contradiction between man and nature are dramatic.
The protection of
nature has become one of the most burning problems. The nature provides
mineral resources, rivers, forests, fields. The development of industry
has had a bad
influence оn the nature of the whole world. Let's speak about
environmental problems in
the world, in our country and in our region. We'll discuss how to help
nature, how to
help ourselves and future generations.
So, the first word is for Pete, the student of the 11-th form. He
will speak about
environmental problems in Russia.
P: In effort to meet production goals the ministries
stinted on measures to protect
the environment from industry pollution. As a result, about half of the
water sources in
the country are polluted with industrial or communal waste. In more than
a hundred towns
and cities with populations of some fifty million, the concentration of
in the air is over ten times the admissible level. For dozens of years
economy focused on large projects, including giant projects in what was
transformation of nature. Blunders were committed that caused
Of the acute problems causing public concern the environment safety
of nuclear and
hydraulic power engineering is beginning to assume paramount importance.
has grown particularly after the Chernobyl disaster. Another reason is
the adverse effect
of flatland hydropower stations on the environment. The list of serious
problems could be continued.
The other problem is that Russia turned into a garbage heap. In the
past few years
alone as many 4000 tons of mercury waste, copper slag, old pesticides,
radioactive waste have been brought into and dumped in Russia. Old types
about 75000. It is not doubt that this is merely the "tip of the
the one hand, there is uncontrollable export of raw materials and
radioactive waste. On
the other hand, the growing import of foreign waste. Such are the two
sides of the medal
bearing witness not only to the deep going crisis, but also to the "new
mentality" among the "new" entrepreneurs which may be characterized as
"grab all you can lay your hands on".
We must stop this process. We must join together in order to protect
ourselves. I want to add that mass media is to play a great role in
and environmental protection.
T: We've heard the short report about ecological problems
in Russia, but it's
common knowledge реорle all over the world touch the same problems. And
of the 8-th form tried to find out the main ecological problems. Now you
will see the
results of their work.
Problems to discuss
- Air Pollution.
- Water Pollution.
- Land Pollution.
- Acid Rains.
- Disappearing Animals
- The Greenhouse Effect
- The Ozone Hole
P1 Air Pollution.
About 150 years ago the air was pure and clean. Then people started
and many of the things they make, like cars, put a lot of harmful gases
into the air.
Today the air is so polluted in some places that it's not always safe to
Many cities around the world have air polluted with "smog". This is
in some places that the air, which should be a beautiful blue, looks
Polluted air is not only bad for people and animals, but also for
trees and plants. And
in some places it's even damaging farmers' crops - the food we eat. So
important for us to "clean up our act", and clean up the air we all
The planet Earth is mostly water. Oceans cover the biggest part of it
- and there are
lakes, rivers, streams, and even water underground. All life on the
Earth - from the
smallest bug to the biggest whale - depends on the water. It's precious.
But we're not
doing a very good job of keeping water clean. In many places, the water
Rivers and lakes are polluted by garbage or by poisonous chemicals
which are dumped
right into them.
Underground water can be polluted by gasoline or by harmful liquids
that seep into the
ground. Some fertilizers and pesticides used in farming leak down
through the dirt, too.
The ocean, which is a home to so many life forms, has been used as a
place for dumping
garbage and poisonous chemicals for a long time. It's getting polluted,
We need to save our water, to keep it clean and healthy so that
people, plants and
animals may always have something to drink. And so fish and other
creatures will have a
place to live.
When you throw something away, it goes in a garbage can. Once a week a
comes and the can is emptied, and that's the last you see of it. But
what do you think
happens to the garbage then? Does it just disappear? No way!
Almost all garbage is taken to a garbage dump, or landfill, where the
empties it onto the ground. After the truck leaves, a big tractor comes
along and pushes
dirt on top of the garbage. So, most of our garbage is just buried.
Now we are making so much garbage that in many places, there is not
enough room to bury
We have to act fast and cut down the amount of garbage we make. Can
we do it? We can
recycle (which means re-using materials instead of throwing them away)
and reject (which
means not buying things that can't be re-used, like plastic wrapping and
If we recycle and reject we will produce a lot less garbage, and help
keep our planet
When we look up, we see the clouds and the blue sky. But there are
other things in the
sky that we don't see. Some of them are harmful to the Earth.
When power plants burn coal to make electricity, and when cars burn
gases are released into the air.
Some of these gases can mix with water and make it acidic, like lemon
juice or vinegar.
Sometimes the gases get into rain clouds, where they get mixed with rain
or snow. Then the
acid falls back to the Earth with rain or snow. This is called acid
Acid rain is extremely harmful to plants, rivers and lakes and the
creatures that live
in them. In some places it is killing forests. And it pollutes the water
that animals and
people need to drink.
It's very important for us to stop making acid rains. One good way to
do that is to
drive our cars less. Another good way is to save energy. The less energy
we use, the less
coal those power plants will have to burn.
P5. Disappearing Animals.
Every day there are more and more people living on the Earth. All
these people need
room to live. So they move into the places that are already homes for
plants and animals.
Forests are cut down, and wild areas are filled with houses and stores.
When people move into a new land, the plants and animals that live
there can become
endangered - which means they begin to disappear because there's no
place for them to
live. Some even become extinct - which means that they all die out, and
are gone from
the Earth forever.
We enjoy pictures and stories about the dinosaurs that lived on the
Earth many millions
of years ago. They're all extinct now. That could happen to elephants,
butterflies, robins, or goldfish... or other animals, if we're not
P6. The Greenhouse Effect.
A greenhouse is a building made of glass, where you can grow flowers
and other plants
that need a lot of warmth. The sun shines in through the glass and warms
and the roof and walls keep the heat from getting out.
The Earth is surrounded by a blanket of invisible gases (with names
dioxide) that act just like a greenhouse. The sun shines in and the
blanket of gases traps
the heat like a roof, keeping it close to the planet. That's good - we
Factories, electric power plants and cars are making a lot of new
gases. These new
gases are trapping more and more of the sun's heat. This is called the
or global warming.
If the earth's temperature gets hotter by just a few degrees, it
could change the
weather all over the planet in many ways. Places that are warm would
become too hot to
live in, and places that grow most of our food could get too hot to grow
Up in the sky, above the air we breathe, there's a layer of gas
called ozone. It helps
us by blocking out the sun rays that can harm our skin, and by letting
the rays that are
good for us come through. We are lucky to have the ozone to protect us.
Now the ozone layer is being damaged by gases that people have made.
The gases are
called CFCs. They are used in refrigerators, air conditioners, plastic
foam, and some
The CFCs float up to the top of the atmosphere, where the ozone layer
is, and "eat
up" the ozone.
Scientists are very concerned about the ozone layer, because a lot of
it has gone away
in just a few years. So it's very important that we learn to do
something about it.
E-numbers is a general name for a group of chemicals which sometimes
are added to food.
Usually these kinds of foods are made abroad, not in Russia. They are
The chemicals of E-number group give the food a better color, a long
preservation and a better look. They may be dangerous for our health
start if there is a certain quantity of E-numbers in your body. How can
you learn if there
are E-numbers in the nice western product, which you want to buy? Look
at the bar code. If
you see numbers with E before figures, it means that dangerous chemicals
were used to
produce the food. Do you need E-numbers in your body? Then buy the
foreign products with
T. We've listened to the student's reports about such
global problems as Air
Pollution, Water Pollution, Acid Rain, Disappearing Animals, the
Greenhouse Effect, the
Ozone Hole, and Products Containing E-numbers. I think all students
tried to do their best
and you've learnt a lot of interesting facts. Thank you.
Now we'll listen to the information about the steps undertaken
by the public
movements of many countries to protect the environment. Arina, the
student of the 11-th
form, you are welcome.
A.: In recent years people have become more sensitive
towards environment. Still
more public organizations and unofficial environmentalist movements have
with every passing year.
In 1987 a "Green Peace" public commission has been set up. Its main
to combine the people's efforts for peace with the huge and ever
mounting movement for
nature conversation. Another aim of its work is to set up and strengthen
environmentalists from many similar organizations abroad.
"Travels for Peace and Nature" is the name of another public movement
appeared in Russia some years ago. It concentrates its efforts on theory
work. The movement launches all kinds of environmental actions and
informs the public of
the ways, means and results of this work.
Russia is cooperating in the field of environmental protection with
the United States,
Canada, Norway, Finland and other countries.
Russia and the United States are carrying out joint projects to study
and protect the
environmental systems of the Arctic and Subarctic regions, and also to
study some of the
natural processes in the permafrost zone.
T: Now it's just the time for us to speak about one more
organization. It is WWF - the World Wild Nature Fund. It is one of the
international environmental organizations. There are more than 5 million
members in it and
they work in more than 100 countries. The main aim of WWF is to stop the
Nature. And the representatives of the organization live and work in our
Amur Region. Some
students will tell us about it.
P1. Below Blagoveshchensk, along Amur river, is located
Muraviovsky park, where
under protection live Japanise and Daursky cranes.
The park was created in 1967 and its employees are engaged in
education of environmental protection. The aria of the park is 34 square
km. There are 37
kinds of insects and 202 kinds of birds in the park. And 16 of them are
in the Red Book.
P2. The most famous and interesting of them are the
Japanise and Daursky cranes.
And I'd like to tell you a few words about cranes.
The crane is a large bird. It has a long, slim neck and long legs.
Its body is not very
big, but the crane is as tall as a seven-year-old boy. The crane lives
near ponds, and
eats frogs and small fish. Its legs are so long that the crane can
easily wade in a pond.
It goes into the pond and stands still for a long time. It stands and
waits till a fish
comes near it. When the crane sees a fish or a frog, it picks it up with
its long bill.
T. The students of the 6 -th form visited Muraviovsky park
last spring. It was so
great, so interesting for them, and they want to tell us everything they
know about the
P1. There are many kinds of birds. They are: a swallow, a
sparrow, a dove, a
magpie, a woodpecker, a stork, a crane, a nightingale, an eagle, an owl,
a parrot and
others. Some birds are big, others are small. The body of a bird is
covered with feathers.
The feathers of the birds are of different colors.All the birds make
nests and lay eggs.
Birds are useful, they are beautiful, they sing nice songs, they eat
harmful insects, they
kill mice and small animals that harm crops.
We must protect birds in winter. Birds are our friends.
If I ever see
On bush or tree
Young birds in their pretty nest
I must not, in play
Steal the birds away
To grieve their mother's breast
So I'll speak to the birds
In my softest words.
And when they can fly
In the bright blue sky
They'll sing a song for me.
T: Our pupils like birds very much
P3: "The Child and the Bird"
Little bird, little bird, come to me!
I have a pretty cage, you can see;
Many bright flowers I'll bring to you,
Many fresh, ripe cherries, all wet with dew!
"Thanks, little girl, for all your care,
But, I dearly love the clear, cool air;
And my cozy little nest in the old oak-tree
Is better, than your pretty cage for me!"
|If I ever see
On bush or tree
Young birds in their pretty nest
I must not, in play
And when if I'm sad
It will make me glad
To think they are happy and free
Little bird, little bird, where will you go
When all the fields are covered with snow?
The ice will cover the old oak-tree;
Little bird, little bird, stay with me!
No, little girl, away I'll fly
To greener fields and a warmer sky
When spring comes back with cheerful rain
My joyful song you will hear again!"
T: As you see there are different kinds of birds. Cranes
are among them.
We had begun an ecological expedition - "Crane: Bird of Peace".
Crane: Bird of Peace
P: I found an interesting information about cranes. 17 types
of cranes live on our
planet, 7 of them can be met in Russia - gray, daurskiy, canadian,
A crane is a rather big bird, about a kilogramme and a half. These
birds do not sit on
the trees, they eat seeds, berries, frogs. Most of all they like to live
in steps and
marshes. Their feathers are light-gray, the ends of the wings are black,
the head and neck
are white. There is a red crown on its head.
The man influences upon this bird. Their number is reducing. The nest
of a crane is
pressed grass. Usually there are two green-brown eggs in it. The small
cranes are very
weak. Cranes can dance very well, they are perfect ballet-dancers.
T: This bird is a symbol of peace, friendship and
happiness in the East. These
Chinese friends are our guests. Their dance is a present for you. Meet
(The Chinese dance).
P: Last spring I went to Muraviovsky park. It is the
largest one in our region.
Different kinds of animals and birds, among them cranes, live there. I
saw Daursky and
Japanese cranes. These birds are very beautiful: snow-white, gracious.
The Japanese crane
has a red crown on its head. Cranes have no enemies in nature except a
man. You can read
about cranes in the Red Book, we must protect them.
There are 7 types of cranes on the continent, 6 of them live in our
region - we have
no Canadian crane.
P: Last spring a group of American biologists came to
study our cranes.
We made friends with them. Now we have pen-friends in the United
States of America. I
have two pen-friends: Sara and Scott. I write letters to them in
English. I shall never
forget my trip, the cranes and my American friends. These are the
letters, the pictures
and the presents. And now I understand that I need the English language
|P: "The Cranes"
The cranes are wheeling
About the sky,
It's what they cry,
Then they flutter
And swoop at a fly
"We are here
And summer is near
To me they cry
P: "Returning from the far-away countries"
I want to tell you about the children's exhibition "Crane: Bird of
Peace". It was
organized in the United States of America. The Americans saw scientific
ecological tales, pictures, photographs, letters, films, different
works. This exhibition
is international now. Many countries - the USA, China, Japan, Russia,
South Korea - are
going to take part in it.
The 5th of June is an international day of nature
protection. This day a new
exhibition is usually opened in Blagoveshchensk, it is devoted to
T: As you know, that our students brought the film about
cranes from Muraviovsky
park. It is a very interesting and useful story and it is told in
English. Let's watch
T: And here is the Russian folk-tale "The Fox and the
The pupils of the 6-th form will show it to you.
"The Fox and the Crane ". (A fable)
T: To protect our planet, to save nature we must live in
peace and friendship.
|P1: "A child's wish"
I want to
live and not to
I want to laugh and not to cry,
I want to feel the summer's sun,
I want to sing when life is fun.
I want to fly into the blue,
I want to swim as fish can do.
I want to shake all friendly hands
Of all the young of other lands,
I want to work for what is right,
I want to love and not to fight,
I want to laugh and not to cry,
I want to live and not to die.
T: There is a special day around the world, Earth Day.
What do you know about this
Day? ( The students of the 8-th and 11-th forms)
PI. April 22 is a special day around the world. On that
day inhabitants of the
Earth celebrate Earth Day. Earth Day is the time when many people show
that they care for
our fragile planet. They show concern about the threats the planet faces
of rainforests, holes in the ozone layer, the greenhouse effect, too
much garbage, and all
forms of air and water pollution. It is the day for people to learn what
they can do to
preserve the Earth.
T. When and where was the first Earth Day held?
P2. The first Earth Day was held in the USA 36 years ago, in
April, 1970. At
that time, Americans were just beginning to learn about the problems
facing the planet.
T. What must we do to improve the situation? Of course,
there are some solutions of
the problem. How can we save our planet?
PI. People can reserve rainforests making them national
P2. To keep seas clean it's necessary to stop polluting
P3. We can stop greenhouse effect by:
- conserving rainforests;
- using natural energy;
- stopping to use CFCs (chlorofluorocarbon gases) that are in
aerosols, refrigerators and
plastic boxes for hamburgers, pizzas, etc.
P4. To stop acid rains we need to make factories and power
Р5. То stop pollution we need to:
- buy products with as little packing as possible;
- use and throw away fewer carrier bags; 4 waste less paper;
- turn rubbish into energy;
4 use rubbish again after recycling.
P6. To avoid chemicals in food we need to use fewer
chemicals in food production.
P7. To stop pollution from power plants we need to design,
build and use solar,
wave, wind, geo-thermal power plants.
T. So, now we know how to solve some ecological problems.
But what can we do to
live healthy in the healthy world?
Ps. We must:
- buy fresh food that doesn't need much packing, 4- buy fruit and
farmers who don't use chemicals,
- save as much water as possible, 4 save paper and wood,
- use public transport, as often as you can. First it concerns trams,
metro, because they don't pollute the environment,
- try to eat healthier food. Eat more fresh fruits and vegetables and
less fat or
- use batteries as little as possible. It takes 50 times more energy
to make them than
- don't leave electric lights, TV, etc on, if you are not using them
T: Our lesson is over. I am very thankful to all the
pupils. Thank you very much.