"An Englishman is never happy unless he is miserable; a Scotsman is
never at home but when he is abroad".
Anonymous, 19th century
• to help learners' consolidate
and develop vocabulary by active using of the words given
• to develop hstening for gist and details
• to practise students' intensive reading skills
Decide whether the following statement is true or false:
"British" and "English" are not synonyms.
Introducing the Topic
Key words: National Identity People:
Communicative — ready and willing to talk and give information
Conservative — opposed to great and sudden change Nationalistic — favouring,
supporting patriotic feelings, efforts principles Polite — having, showing the
possession of, good manners and consideration for other people.
Proud — having or showing a proper pride or dignity
Religious — devout, having faith
Reserved — slow to show feelings or opinions
Suspicious of foreigners — having, showing or causing suspicion for people
from other countries
Tolerant — having or showing quality of tolerating opinions, beliefs,
customs physical types, behavior, etc different from one's own
Traditional — supporting opinions, beliefs, customs, etc handed down
Serious — thoughtful, not funny, silly or for pleasure
A) Read the text using the following interactive reading strategy: put
some marks on the margins: S — information you know;
contradicts your ideas;
+ — new information;
? — information you are interested
POPULATION OF THE BRITISH ISLES The British Isles are the home of four
nations — English, Scottish, Welsh and Irish. Even though foreigners often call
all British people "English", and sometimes have difficulty in
appreciating the distinctions, the component nations of the United Kingdom are
well aware of their own individual characteristics. The Scots, Welsh and Irish
regard themselves largely Celtic peoples while the English are mainly
Anglo-Saxon in origin.
The people who now live on the British Isles came from the people who
Uved there nearly nine centuries before. Those early people were the Celts,
Romans, Anglo-Saxons and Norsemen. They were forefathers of the present English,
Scots, Welsh and Irish. It is characteristic that over most of England and the
Lowlands of Scotland the language which soon became the most important was
EngUsh. This language is mainly a child of Anglo-Saxon and Norman-French,
while Celtic languages are spoken in Wales and the Highlands of Scotland and
The population of the UK is over 58,000,000 people. This figure gives a
population density of 600 person per square mile (234 per square km). England
has an average density of930 persons per square mile (364 per square km). This
average does not reveal the even higher densities in some areas of the country,
such as south-east parts. Within Europe only the Netherlands has a higher
population than England.
People live mainly in cities and towns. The greatest concentration of
population in Britain is in the London district.
The population of Greater London is 8 million and the population of
Glasgow and Birmingham both reach over a million and a half. On the other hand,
the north west of England is among the most thinly populated districts in
Distinction — різниця Regard
— повага, поважати Density — густота
населення Reveal — виявляти
Answer the questions.
1. How many nations
Uve in Great Britain? What are they?
2. What nations
regard themselves as Celtic people?
3. Where did people
who now live on the British Isles come from?
4. What is the
population of the UK?
5. What people were
forefathers of the present English, Scots, Welsh and Irish?
6. Where do people
7. Where is the
greatest concentration of population in Britain?
8. What is the
population of Greater London?
9. What country in
Europe has a higher population than England?
• Before listening,
look at the task. Try to guess answers to the questions.
• The first time
you Usten, answer as many questions as you can.
• The second time,
answer the questions you missed.
• Don't worry if
you don't understand every word.
A) Listen to radio phone-in programme. Use the Strategies to decide if
the statements are true (T) or false (F). The listen again and check your answers.
1. Great Britain is made up of four different nations: England, Northern
Ireland, Scotland and Wales. (F)
2. In a poll, British people describe themselves as animal lovers and
tolerant but suspicious of foreigners and reserved. (7)
3. Eighty-seven per cent of British people thought that the British were
4. The first caller thinks Britain is an innovative place. (T)
5. She describes herself as English rather than British. (T)
6. The second caller feels European. (F)
7. The third caller is of Indian origin. (F)
8. She thinks Britain is multicultural but there is an intolerant
9. The last caller thinks Britain is a modern country. (F)
10. He is a Scottish nationalist and doesn't feel British. (7)
Presenter. Good evening and welcome to tonight's phone-in programme.
Our subject tonight is the identity of Britain and the British. For many
countries, identity is not a problem but Britain is more complicated. Great
Britain is made of three nations. England, Scotland and Wales. The United
Kingdom is made of Great Britain plus Northern Ireland.
So, at the start of the twenty-first century, who exactly we are? Are we
Europeans? Are we British?
Or are we just a collection of English, Scots and Welsh?
And what kind of people are the British? In a recent poll, British
people were asked to describe themselves, eighty-five per cent said we were
great animal lovers; eighty per cent described us as tolerant' seventy-seven
per cent said the British were class-conscious; seventy-three per cent thought
the British were suspicious of foreigners; finally, seventy-one per cent agreed
that the British were reserved people.
You can call us on 0207 444 333 222 labd give your opinion about Britain's
identity. OK, let's start with our first caller. Hello, Claire. You're from
Liverpool. How would you describe Britain and British?
Female 1. Well, you know, I think a lot of people from abroad see Britain
as a very conservative country and sort of old-fashioned. I don't agree with
that. I think England today is a very multicultural place and it's very innovative,
especially when you think about music and arts and that sort of thing.
Presenter. How would you describe yourself, Claire? English, British,
Female 1. Right. I'm from Liverpool and that's very important to me.
Then I'm definitely English — I think we are different from the Welsh and
Scots. I feel European, too — you know I feel part of Europe.
Presenter. Thanks very much, Claire. We have John Andrews on the line.
How would you describe Britain and British, John?
Male 1. In my opinion, Britain is a historic country — we have a long
history and we should all be proud of it.
Presenter. How would you describe yourself, John? British, English...?
Male 1. Well, I'm fro England. But I feel British of course. And I don't
feel at all European — I'm one hundred per cent British and personally, I tMnk
we've more in common with people like the Americans and Australians.
Presenter. Thanks very much, John. And now Deshini Mohammed from London.
What would your description of Britain be?
Female 2.1 think the first word I'd choose would be multicultural. Britain
now has so many people from different races, religions. I think a lot of
British people are now tolerant of other races but unfortunately there's still
an intolerant minority and that's a real problem.
Presenter. And how would you describe yourself, Deshini? I mean, where
are you from?
Female 2. OK, well... my parents were born in Pakistan but I was born
here and I suppose I feel British but I also feel a member of the Pakistan community
Presenter. Thanks a lot, Deshini. And now our last caller. Fergus McKay
from Glasgow. Fergus, how would you describe Britain? Male 2. Right.. .mmm... I
think Britain is very conservative. P r e s e n t e r. So do you feel British?
Male 2. No, I don't. I don't feel British at all. I feel Scottish and
I'm Scots nationalist.
Presenter. What about Europe? Do you feel European?
Male 2. Yeah. I suppose I do. I tliink Europeans have a lots of things
B) Role play
A phone-in programme.
C) Listen to the interview with Claire. What does she like and dislike
about Britain? Where would she like to live for some time? Interviewer. What
kind of things would you like about Britain? Female. Well, it must be
nightlife. And the music — I'm really clubbing,
you know, and that's really cool up here in Liverpool. Sometimes we go
down to London — I really like doing that too. Interviewer. You mentioned
Female. Yeah. The music scene in Britain's so dynamic. I mean, I just
love the variety and you know it's changing all the time. I'm really keen on
Ustening to house and garage — there're a lot of good new bands coming through
at the moment.
Interviewer. Is there anything else... anything else about life in
Britain you like?
Female. Mmmm, I suppose the countryside. Some weekends we go off to the
Lake District or Wales or places like that. I like rock climbing.
Interviewer. So, what sort of things do you dislike about living in Britain?
Female. Well, I don't like all the traffic we've got, you know. I can't
stand sitting in traffic jams! Another thing I am not keen on myself is
football, though everybody I know is a sort of obsessed by it. And I hate... I
hate all the violence around it. I prefer watching tennis myself.
Interviewer. Is there anywhere else you'd like to live?
Female. Well, I wouldn't mind living in Australia, for a while at least.
My cousin lives there and he loves it — I'd go out there. Bit I don't think I'd
want to live there for ever. You know what I mean?
I think I'd miss England too much. I'd prefer to go just for a few
months and maybe work there a bit. And I'd rather go in the summer — just think
of it, lying on the beach in January!
D) Listen again and complete the Function File with these words: 'd
rather, wouldn't mind, can't stand, 'dprefer, love, hate, don't think, I'd
want, really into really like, don't like, really keen on just love, not keen
on myself, I'd love, prefer.
Function File Preferences: Colloquial Expressions
I'm_(1) clubbing, you know.
I_(2) doing that too.
I mean I_(3) the variety.
I'm_(4) Ustening to house and garage.
I_(5) rock climbing.
I_(6) all the traffic we've got.
I_(7) sitting in traffic jams.
Another thing I'm_(8) is football.
I_(9) all the violence around it.
I_(10) watching tennis myself.
I_(11) living in Australia, for a bit.
I_(12) to go out there.
But I_(13) to live there for ever.
I_(14) to go just for a few months.
And I_(15) go in their summer.
Answers: 1 — I'm reify into, 2 — really like, 3 — just love, 4 — really
keen on, 5 — love, 6 — don't like, 7 — can't stand, 8 — not keen on myself, 9 —
hate, 10 —prefer, 11 —wouldn't mind, 12 — 'slove, 13 — don't think I'd want, 14
— 'd prefer, 15 — 'd rather.
Make a list of good and bad things about living in your country, town or
region. In pairs, ask and answer the questions below. Use the expression from
the Function File.
1. What kind of things do you like about living in... ?
2. What sort oft things do you dislike about living in... ?
3. Where else would you like to live? Why?
Get at — to criticize someone all the time and upset them
Ring up — to make a phone call
Get to — to arrive at a place
Take off — to leave the ground
Get by — to have enough money or food
Put up with — to accept an unpleasant person or situation
Get on with — to have a friendly relationship with someone
Look forward to — to be excited about something that will happen
Check in — to go to the desk of a hotel or airport and say you've
Complete the description with these verbs in the correct form: get at,
put up with, ring up, get to, take off, get by, put up with, get on with, look
forward to, check in.
When I am abroad, I always (1)_getting back home. I start feeling
homesick as soon as the plane (2)_. When I (3)_a new place, the first
thing I do after I have (4)_at the hotel is to (5)_my family and have
a chat with them. Unfortunately, I have to travel a lot on business and
go to the States. I (6)_the Americans very well — they are always very
friendly. I speak food English too, so I can (7)_in the States without
problems. I'm not very keen on American food, but I can (8)_it. The problem
is that I'm a stay-at-home. My sister always (9)_me — she says I'm
boring and unadventurous. But, as the saying goes, "home sweet
Answers: 1 — look forward to, 2 — takes off, 3 — get to, 4 — checked in,
5 — ring up, 6 — get on with, 7 — get by, 8 — put up with, 9 — get at.
1. Discussion: If you were Scottish, Walsh or Irish, would you like
other people called you English? Why?
2. Make up sentences with multi-part verbs.