to present and practise the use of Present
Perfect Warm up
The students read the quotations and try to
predict the topic of the lesson: I have raised a monument more lasting than
bronze. (Horace) He who has begun has half done. (Homer)
I am a part of all that I have met. (A.
Tennyson) I have found! / I've got it! / Eureka! (Archimedes) You have hit the
nail on the head. (Plautus)
Introducing the Topic
We use Present Perfect to talk about:
• a result of something in the past that is
Tottenham won their last match and they have
now moved to the top of the league.
• activities in the past but we don't know or
are not interested in exactly when they happened.
We've played each other before. (It doesn't
matter exactly when they played each other)
We can use the following time adverbials with
Present Perfect: before, ever, never, just, already (in statements), yet (in
questions and in negative forms)
A) Regular and irregular verbs.
Complete the table. Write an asterisk (*)
next to irregular verbs.
firm finish get up
play put read run
B) Change the following sentences into
1. He saw this film.
2. She wrote a new book.
3. He gave me the answer to my question.
4. Mr Smith spoke to me about you.
5. She made two mistakes in her dictation.
6. They went to the theatre together.
7. We read a play by Shakespeare.
8. You left your book at home.
9. John gave us the tickets.
C) Present Perfect Questions.
Linda and Tom's parents are away for the
weekend. They are phoning home. Use the cues below to write questions.
1. Hello, Tom. / You / feed / cat? Hello, Tom
Have you fed the cat?
2. Linda / buy / food?
3. you and Linda / have / argument?
4. Hello, Linda. / Tom / help / you make /
5. You / sleep / well?
6. you and Tom / clean / house?
D) Fill in the blanks with "since"
I haven't seen him_last month.
_a long time.
2. Ben. How long have you known John?
Alex. I've known him_since_we were at school.
Ben. How long have you worn contact lenses?
Alex. I've worn them_five years.
Ben. How long have you lived in France?
Alex. We've lived here_over ten years.
B e n. I'm sorry. I'm late. How long have you
Alex. I've been here_5 o'clock. I've been
Ben. How long have you known Tom?
Alex. I've known him_five years.
Ben. When did you last go to America?
A1 e x. I haven't been to America_July, 2005.
E) Work in groups.
The teacher divides the class into two teams
and writes a list of time words / expressions on the board. The teams in turn
make sentences using "since" or "for" and an appropriate
verb in the Present Perfect. Each correct answer gets 1 point. The team with
the most points is the winner.
List: two hours, last week, Christmas, last
summer, a long time, Tuesday, a week, three years, 2004, last night, August,
Team A. SI. I've been out for two hours.
Team B.S1.I haven't seen him since last week.
Team A. S2.1 haven't had a present since Christmas. Team B. S2.1 haven't worked
for last summer.
Teacher. Wrong! I haven't worked since last
summer. Team B doesn't get a point.
F) Oral Activity. (Talk about yourself)
Say what you have already done or not done
I've already tidied my room but I haven't
washed the dishes yet.
Game "Noughts and Crosses"
The class is divided into two teams: team A
and Team B. The teacher draws a noughts and crosses grid (3x3) on the board and
box in it. In each box the representatives of the teams have to write the third
form of the verbs. Team A name the infinitive of the verb and the student of
the team B have to write the correct form of the Past Participle and vice
The object of the game is the same as the
original noughts and crosses game: to get three consecutive crosses or noughts:
either vertically, horizontally or diagonally.
A) Listen and complete the sentences from the
interview with John Baxter, an eccentric inventor.
Journalist. On tonight's programme we have
John Baxter. John. Good evening.
Journalist. Mr Baxter, a lot of people
consider you eccentric. Why? John. Well, as you can see I've invented a lot of
things. Some people think they're strange.
Journalist. What's that?
John. Well, you see, I've built a domestic
robot. That noise means it's started cleaning.
Journalist. Has something terrible happened?
John. No, it hasn't. It's only my automatic
cat feeder. It means my cat Sheba has finished her dinner.
1. As you can see, I_invented a lot of
2. I've_a domestic robot.
3. That noise means it_started cleaning.
5. No, it_. It's only my automatic cat
6. It means my cat Sheba_finished her dinner.
B) Read the second part of the dialogue. Put
the verbs on brackets into the Present Perfect Tense.
John. Now let's go on a tour of the house. As
you can see, the lights
(come on)_automatically. BBC1.
Journalist. Who (turn on)_the TV?
John. I have. It works by voice control.
Watch! Channel 4. I (now
switch)_over to another channel.
John. The windows (close)_because it's a bit
Journalist. That car outside looks strange.
John. Yes, I (paint)_it red, white and blue.
I'm very patriotic.
Journalist. What's that noise?
John. That's my wife. I (invent)_a mini
helicopter for her. Look out
of the window. She (come)_home. She
(go)_shopping. Would you like
to meet her?
Work in groups
The students work in groups trying to explain
the meaning of the following proverbs and give their Ukrainian equivalents:
1. Every oak has been an acorn.
2. The mountain has brought forth a mouse.
3. We know not what is good until we have
4. When children stand quiet, they have done
Make up 8 sentences using Present Perfect.