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PRESENT PERFECT
02.03.2011, 21:00:49

Objectives:

to present and practise the use of Present Perfect Warm up

The students read the quotations and try to predict the topic of the lesson: I have raised a monument more lasting than bronze. (Horace) He who has begun has half done. (Homer)

I am a part of all that I have met. (A. Tennyson) I have found! / I've got it! / Eureka! (Archimedes) You have hit the nail on the head. (Plautus)

Introducing the Topic

Grammar

Present Perfect

Presentation

We use Present Perfect to talk about:

• a result of something in the past that is still obvious.

Tottenham won their last match and they have now moved to the top of the league.

• activities in the past but we don't know or are not interested in exactly when they happened.

We've played each other before. (It doesn't matter exactly when they played each other)

We can use the following time adverbials with Present Perfect: before, ever, never, just, already (in statements), yet (in questions and in negative forms)

A) Regular and irregular verbs.

Complete the table. Write an asterisk (*) next to irregular verbs.

Infinitive

break

buy clean

firm finish get up

go_

five

listen to

Third Form

broken built

failed

given

lost

Infinitive

play put read run

see

shown

shut

sleep

studied

switch

teach

think

Third Form

phoned

B) Change the following sentences into Present Perfect.

1. He saw this film.

2. She wrote a new book.

3. He gave me the answer to my question.

4. Mr Smith spoke to me about you.

5. She made two mistakes in her dictation.

6. They went to the theatre together.

7. We read a play by Shakespeare.

8. You left your book at home.

9. John gave us the tickets.

C) Present Perfect Questions.

Linda and Tom's parents are away for the weekend. They are phoning home. Use the cues below to write questions.

1. Hello, Tom. / You / feed / cat? Hello, Tom Have you fed the cat?

2. Linda / buy / food?

3. you and Linda / have / argument?

4. Hello, Linda. / Tom / help / you make / beds?

5. You / sleep / well?

6. you and Tom / clean / house?

D) Fill in the blanks with "since" or "for".

1.  _last summer.

I haven't seen him_last month.

_two weeks.

_1999.

_a long time.

2. Ben. How long have you known John?

Alex. I've known him_since_we were at school.

Ben. How long have you worn contact lenses?

Alex. I've worn them_five years.

Ben. How long have you lived in France?

Alex. We've lived here_over ten years.

B e n. I'm sorry. I'm late. How long have you been here?

Alex. I've been here_5 o'clock. I've been here_5 hours.

Ben. How long have you known Tom?

Alex. I've known him_five years.

Ben. When did you last go to America?

A1 e x. I haven't been to America_July, 2005.

E) Work in groups.

The teacher divides the class into two teams and writes a list of time words / expressions on the board. The teams in turn make sentences using "since" or "for" and an appropriate verb in the Present Perfect. Each correct answer gets 1 point. The team with the most points is the winner.

List: two hours, last week, Christmas, last summer, a long time, Tuesday, a week, three years, 2004, last night, August, five months

Team A. SI. I've been out for two hours.

Team B.S1.I haven't seen him since last week. Team A. S2.1 haven't had a present since Christmas. Team B. S2.1 haven't worked for last summer.

Teacher. Wrong! I haven't worked since last summer. Team B doesn't get a point.

F) Oral Activity. (Talk about yourself)

Say what you have already done or not done today.

I've already tidied my room but I haven't washed the dishes yet.

Game "Noughts and Crosses"

The class is divided into two teams: team A and Team B. The teacher draws a noughts and crosses grid (3x3) on the board and box in it. In each box the representatives of the teams have to write the third form of the verbs. Team A name the infinitive of the verb and the student of the team B have to write the correct form of the Past Participle and vice versa.

The object of the game is the same as the original noughts and crosses game: to get three consecutive crosses or noughts: either vertically, horizon­tally or diagonally.

Listening

A) Listen and complete the sentences from the interview with John Baxter, an eccentric inventor.

Journalist. On tonight's programme we have John Baxter. John. Good evening.

Journalist. Mr Baxter, a lot of people consider you eccentric. Why? John. Well, as you can see I've invented a lot of things. Some people think they're strange.

Journalist. What's that?

John. Well, you see, I've built a domestic robot. That noise means it's started cleaning.

Journalist. Has something terrible happened?

John. No, it hasn't. It's only my automatic cat feeder. It means my cat Sheba has finished her dinner.

1. As you can see, I_invented a lot of things.

2. I've_a domestic robot.

3. That noise means it_started cleaning.

4.  _something terrible_?

5. No, it_. It's only my automatic cat feeder.

6. It means my cat Sheba_finished her dinner.

B) Read the second part of the dialogue. Put the verbs on brackets into the Present Perfect Tense.

John. Now let's go on a tour of the house. As you can see, the lights

(come on)_automatically. BBC1.

Journalist. Who (turn on)_the TV?

John. I have. It works by voice control. Watch! Channel 4. I (now

switch)_over to another channel.

Journalist. Incredibly.

John. The windows (close)_because it's a bit cold.

Journalist. That car outside looks strange.

John. Yes, I (paint)_it red, white and blue. I'm very patriotic.

Journalist. What's that noise?

John. That's my wife. I (invent)_a mini helicopter for her. Look out

of the window. She (come)_home. She (go)_shopping. Would you like

to meet her?

Work in groups

The students work in groups trying to explain the meaning of the following proverbs and give their Ukrainian equivalents:

1. Every oak has been an acorn.

2. The mountain has brought forth a mouse.

3. We know not what is good until we have lost it.

4. When children stand quiet, they have done something.

Homework

Make up 8 sentences using Present Perfect.

Категория: ИНОСТРАННЫЕ ЯЗЫКИ | Добавил: tineydgers | Теги: открытый урок, в помощь учителю английского языка, Teachers, конспект урока, английский язык в школе, скачать бесплатно
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