• to present and practise the use of Present Perfect Passive
• to practise Present Perfect in comparison with Past Simple
Introducing the Topic
Present Perfect versus Past Simple
Time expressions used with Present Perfect: ever, never, just, already,
yet, always, how long, so far, for, since, recently.
Time expressions used with Past Simple: yesterday, last night / week /
month / year, ago, then, when, in 1972 etc.
1. We use Present Perfect for
recent actions or states or for actions which happened at an unstated time in
1. We use Past Simple for actions or states which finished at a stated
time in the past.
2. We use Present Perfect for actions or states which began in the past
and continue up to the present.
2. We use Past Simple for actions
or states which finished in the past.
A) Fill in with the "yet", "ago", "ever",
"last night", "for" or "since"
1. My father went to Spain two days_
2. He has known her_1998.
3. She hasn't finished her work_
4. Have you_seen an elephant?
5. We went to bed at 10 o'clock_
6. He has been in Madrid_ten years.
B) Put the words in brackets into Past Simple or Present Perfect.
I love winter sports.I_(be) ice-skating many times. When I was younger
I_. (go) to an ice-rink with my school. I_(fall) over a lot but I really
_(enjoy) it. Then
last year I_. (visit) Austria and_(skate) at an outdoor rink there. I_(also /
play) ice hockey. I_(never / ski) though. I_
(go) on holiday to Switzerland last month to go skiing, but on the first
(slip) on some ice and_(break) my ankle. So I_(can / not) ski at all.
C) Work in groups.
Group 1. Put the words in brackets into Past Simple or Present Perfect.
MAN FINDS TWO-TAILED MONKEY
Scientists_(discover) a new animal in the jungle recently. They believe
it_ (exist) for million years. The animal_ (develop) two tails for morning
between the trees and eyes that can see in the dark. John Jones_(find)
the animal when he_(explore) the northern Ablu jungle. He_(see) the
animal on a tree so he_ (stop) and (catch) it. "I_ (always / want)
discover something new but I_(not / think) it would be the animal as I_
(study) plants for twenty years", he_(say) yesterday. The Bronx
(buy) the animal. They_ (show) it to the public yesterday.
Group 2. Put the words in brackets into Past Simple or Present Perfect.
Mrs Dune is a terrible gossip. She is telling her neighbour the latest
news of the neighbourhood.
Danny and Susan_ (just / return) from their holiday. They_ (stay)
in New York for a week. The Browns_ (move) into their new house. They
_ (sell) the old
one two weeks ago. Sandra_ (buy) an expensive dress.
She_ (buy) it yesterday. John _ (take) his car to the garage. He_
(take) it thereat 9 o'clock on Friday. Mrs Gate_ (not / tidy) her house
She_ (go) for a walk. She_ (leave) about two hours ago and_ (not /
come) back yet. Mr Moore_ (already / cut) the grass but he_ (not /
paint) the fence yet.
Listen to the following story and retell it paying attention to the use
of the verbs.
Tom Robinson, who was very small and timid, had worked hard as an office
boy or only three pound a week. At last he made up his mind to ask for more
"You are an honest boy and not lazy", his master said.
"How much more do you want?" "Well", answered Tom "I
think that two pounds a week is not too much, is it?" "Why, you are a
rather small boy to get five pounds week". "You see", Tom
replied, "I'm small for my age, but to tell the truth, since I've worked
here I've been so busy that I haven't had time to grow".
The Passive is used:
• when the doer is unknown, unimportant or obvious from the context
• to make more polite or formal statements
• when the action is more important than the doer
• to put emphasis on the doer
Present Perfect Active: Present Perfect Passive:
He has delivered the letters. The letters have been delivered.
A) Rewrite the newspapers headlines as complete sentences.
1. Footballer offered million for transfer. — The footballer has been
offered a million pounds for the transfer.
2. No children admitted into sports club. —_
3. Bomb discovered in old lady's garden. —_
4. Picasso paintings exhibited national Gallery. —_
5. No cameras allowed in museums. —_
6. Michael Jackson asked to sponsor charity event. —_
B) Turn from Active into Passive.
1. The gardener planted some trees.
2. His parents have brought him up to be polite.
3. The secretary has given Mrs Jones some letters.
4. Someone has broken our door down.
5. Someone has stolen a bus from outside school.
6. People have given the photographs on the UFO to the police.
7. The police have organised a search for the robber.
8. Someone has offered him a lot of money for that picture.