Принцип реальности на уроках помогает учащимся
осознать необходимость изучения иностранного
языка, возможность его практического применения,
что в свою очередь стимулирует их учебную
деятельность, способствует повышению качества
Использование метода проектов в учебной
деятельности тесно связано с принципом
реальности и, на мой взгляд, абсолютно
обосновано. Необходимо отметить, что метод
проектов порой предполагает максимальную
активизацию усилий не только от учащихся, но и от
учителя, а, может быть, в первую очередь от
учителя, так как его роль в осуществлении проекта
и доведении его до конечного осязаемого
результата неимоверно велика по своей
Как обеспечить условия для раскрытия
потенциальных возможностей учащихся в
реализации знаний, которые они получили в
результате изучения предмета "иностранный
Как помочь им осознать, что учебный труд
небесполезен, что он может быть воплощен в
ре-альный продукт, важный и необходимый?
Как найти разумные компромиссы, которые
позволили бы решать проблемы максимально
продуктивно в условиях урочной системы?
Как сделать так, чтобы в процессе работы над
проектом у детей появилась осознанная
потребность самостоятельно добывать
дополнительную информацию, осмысливать ее
критически, подвергать анализу, аргументировать,
обобщать и выбирать именно ту, которая нужна для
выполнения поставленной задачи?
Как приобщить учащихся к исследовательской
деятельности, которая поможет выйти на тот или
иной практический результат?
Все эти и многие другие вопросы приходится
ставить перед собой, прежде чем начинать ра-боту
From Ideas to Involvement
Наша идея родилась в процессе изучения темы
"Education in the USA" и знакомства с американскими
дневниками. Она возникла как-то робко и поначалу
казалась фантастически-несбыточной. Мы подумали:
а что если создать Дневник на английском языке
для ученика нашей школы? В нашей школе, где
английский язык изучается по углубленной
программе, наличие такого дневника было бы
Но как долог и непрост путь от идеи до
После горячих обсуждений (brainstorming) мы решили, что
наш Дневник должен координировать усилия школы,
семьи и общественности для рациональной
организации учебной деятельности ученика и
формирования его личности. Он должен быть
удобным в пользовании, содержательным,
многофункциональным, не только отражать успехи
ученика, но и использоваться как мини-справочник.
Работа над созданием Дневника велась на
протяжении четырех месяцев по заранее
составленному плану. Кроме изучения содержания
разных дневников (российских и американских)
пришлось познакомиться с рядом школьных
документов, в том числе Уставом школы,
Конституцией школы, решениями органов школьного
самоуправления. Поисковая работа предполагала
отбор необходимой информации о нашей Родине,
регионе, городе, фактов из истории школы. Много
сил и времени было потрачено на то, чтобы
подобрать высказывания известных российских и
зарубежных деятелей науки, литературы и
искусства, которые мы решили поместить на
рабочих страницах Дневника, преследуя
воспитательные цели. Мы даже рискнули перевести
Гимн Российской Федерации с русского языка на
английский, а в результате конкурса среди
участников проекта была сформулирована миссия
нашей школы, и появилась новая эмблема, которая
украсила обложку Дневника. Дизайн и компьютерная
верстка были выполнены силами учащихся. Более
того, мы создали две версии дневника - на
английском и русском языках, что, конечно же,
усложнило нашу работу, но зато добавило практики
в двустороннем переводе.
Работа над проектом предоставила ребятам
широкие возможности для совершенствования
изучаемого языка: работа с адекватным
материалом, обработка его в соответствии с
поставленными задачами, неограниченные
возможности, связанные с двусторонним переводом,
применение ранее полученных знаний в реальной
Участники проекта посвящают Дневник 45-летнему
юбилею родной школы.
Ребята дважды выступили с защитой своего
проекта. На общешкольной научно-практической
конференции проект был признан "Лучшим
школьным исследованием", а на X городской
научно-практической конференции был удостоен
Диплома I степени. Защита проходила на английском
Предлагаем форму PRESENTATION.
Why did we decide to create a Student Handbook?
A student handbook is familiar to all of us and we all used it when
studying at school.
Student handbooks are different: they can have a thick or a thin cover,
they can be
black-and-white or with colourеd pictures. Besides, many handbooks
differ by their
internal contents. Russian handbooks are all practically alike. We
happened to come across
with some American handbooks, in many ways different from Russian ones.
Here we can find
not only useful reference material and pages where students write down
assignments, but also general requirements concerning discipline,
attendance, dress code,
some advice concerning study strategies and many other things which can
be really useful
and necessary for students.
So, an idea occurred to us, and we couldn't miss a chance of creating
our own Student
Handbook, basing on Russian and American handbooks, but doing it
specially for the senior
students of our school, as we came to the conclusion that none of the
the purpose. Unlike standard Russian handbooks this Handbook contains a
absolutely new sections.
We dedicate the Project to the 45-th anniversary
of our school.
Project goals and tasks
We believe that a handbook should be multifunctional, informative,
attractive. To our mind, it should inform students and their parents of
the school rules
and regulations, thus coordi-nating their activities, so that they could
making common cause. Besides, it is very important that our Handbook can
serve a good
organizer and develop students' skills and habits, pre-paring them for
We are sure that some essential information about our Motherland, our
region and native
city - the place we live in -, some facts from the history of our school
necessary in the handbook.
The embodiment of these ideas in the form of a 'Student Handbook of
Comprehensive School Specializing in English № 27' required joint
efforts of creative
activities of fifteen students.
For the achievement of the produced goals we carried out the
- Studied, compared and analyzed the information from different
sources: Russian and
American handbooks, Code of School № 27, Constitution of School №
27, some School
Parliament documents, some information from the history of our
school, city, region;
- Searched for quotations of famous Russian and foreign figures of
science and culture;
- Translated a lot from Russian into English and vice versa;
- Carried out computer make-up and design.
- The Handbook can be used by the students of School №27 (English or
- Teachers of English can find in the Student Handbook adequate
materials on the topic
'School life', can practise students in bilateral translation and
improve other language
- Any educational institution can feel free to use the Student
Handbook as an example for
creating their own one.
- Creation of a bright colourful handbook satisfying the
requirements of children of
junior classes could be very attractive.
Contents of the Handbook
The Handbook includes the following sections:
1. Front Cover contains the heading, the full name of
institution, the school symbol, which was worked out by the creators of
the project, and
the years the Handbook is supposed to be used (2004/2005).
2. Forward. The forward gives recommendations for users
of the Handbook.
3. Mission Statement of School № 27. It declares that
our school aims
its energies at the development of an up-to-date well-educated moral
partnership with families and the community.
4. Introductory Section contains the identification
page, where a student
should put down general in-formation about himself/herself (surname,
first and second
names, address, home telephone, etc.), the information about the school
teachers' roll. Besides, in the introductory section there is a
timetable, a list of the
holidays, distributed into the school terms, and calendars for 2004 and
5. Student Rights and Responsibilities. General
Requirements. In this
sections general rights and responsibilities of students of school № 27
in case of violating the requirements are provided ('Attendance
requirements', 'Make up
assignments/work', 'Excused and unexcused absence', 'Lateness to class',
dismissals', 'Dress code requirements', 'Classroom procedures',
etc.) Students and their parents should pay special attention to this
section to escape
conflict situations at school or at home. The school policies relating
to discipline are
reasonable and intended to benefit order and safety in our school. The
explains discipline guidelines. We consider this section the most
important in the
Hand-book, that's why so much space is given to it.
6. Our Motherland. The section includes historical,
other information about Russia, Eastern Siberia, Lake Baikal, the city
of Angarsk and
School № 27. We are proud that A. Gutorov and M. Tsykun, the
participants of the
Project, managed to translate 'Hymn of Russian Federation' from Russian
into English. It
was not an easy matter.
7. Plan-It. The section is a good organizer. It is
devoted to advice for
students on setting goals, managing time, study strategies, writing
compositions. Also in this section a student can find the chart for
identifying a career
direction, recommendations on making a resume and behaving during the
8. Reference Materials contain some information
concerning the school
program in different school subjects (Algebra, Geometry, Geography,
History, Chemistry and
Astronomy) in the form of blocks. Here there are maps of the World and
Reference materials save students time greatly.
9. Work Pages should be used for putting down everyday
and other important infor-mation. Besides, every spread includes
quotations of famous
Russian and foreign people of science and culture. The quotations are
stimulate developing students' valuable human qualities. In the end of
the section there
is a Tapescript for students' final grades and space for summer
recommendations. Here you
can read all quotations used on work pages.
is a section for noting addresses, telephone numbers, e-mails, necessary
for a student.
11. Creators. The section contains some information
about the authors of
the Handbook and their photo.
12. Used Literature. The list proves that the authors
of the Project have
done a great job for the benefit of their School.
13. Back Cover includes the poem, devoted to school №
27, composed by
A. Gutorov, and the photo of the English room of T. I. Gladysh, our
What did the project work give to the authors?
According to the plan the project work lasted during four months.
It gave the participants great opportunities for enriching and improving
- They had a chance to deal with adequate materials, working them up
and adapting them to
their tasks and goals.
- They carried out a lot of work connected with bilateral
- They managed to put the knowledge gained before into real
- They managed to create not only the English-language version of
the Handbook but also
the Russian one, so that a lot of children and adults could have a
chance to get
acquainted with their work.
- Project work made them feel satisfied with well done job.
This handbook is a result of the joint efforts of the 11A and 11B
graduates) and T.I. Gladysh, their Teacher of English.
The handbook can help you develop effective habits and organizational
skills that can
serve you well throughout your life. The first section of the school
school rules and regulations. It is your responsibility to be familiar
with them and share
the information with your parents. There you can also find useful
advice, some information
about the place you live in and other important things. The second
section is an
organizer. Here you are provided with an opportunity to record homework
out-of-class activities. There are special columns for your teachers to
put down your
marks, space for parents' and class-supervisor's signatures to control
your progress. The
book will also serve for promoting your self-discipline and enhancing
Mission Statement of School № 27
In partnership with families and the community our school:
- guides its energies at the development of an up-to-date
personality that can make responsible decisions independently,
foreseeing the possible
- moulds students' civic responsibility for the destiny of
their Motherland, legal
and tolerant self-consciousness, ability for co-operation and active
adaptation to the
- provides a meaningful environment for motivating each
student to achieve his/her
highest potential, preparing him/her for lifelong learning and
Student Rights and Responsibilities
1. All students are equal in their rights without distinction of any
nationality, religion, financial position and social status.
2. Every student has the right to express freely his own opinions and
views and the right
to be listened.
3. Every student has the right to acquire, through active participation,
4. Each student has the right to participate in different activities,
attend school clubs
and extra courses.
5. Every student has the right to present school in different events and
according to students' abilities and skills.
6. Each student has the right for the business surrounding in class:
Ш business-like co-operation with teachers
Ш teachers' attention, individual studies, if it is necessary
7. Each student has the right to have a comfortable working place.
8. Each student has the right to refuse the work, which is harmful for
9. Each student has the right to request the amendment of the student's
records that the parent or student believes are inaccurate or
misleading. Parents can
address the Principal, clearly identifying the part of the record they
want to change and
specifying why it is inaccurate.
Each student should:
1. fulfill the requirements of the School Code and decisions of
Teachers' Council and
follow the rules instituted by the School Parliament and School
2. study hard in order to acquire knowledge and skills of
3. take part in social activities;
4. take care of best school traditions and develop them;
5. behave properly in and out of school;
6. know and observe strictly traffic rules, fire security and other
The school policies relating to discipline are reasonable and
intended to benefit
the safety of our school. The student handbook explains discipline
guidelines. Please take
the time to read the handbook and discuss the policies with your family.
General Attendance Requirements
Regular attendance shall be defined as attending school for the full
day on each day,
during which the school is in session. Everyday attendance contributes
to a student's
sense of responsibility, self-discipline and good work habits.
Regular attendance is essential, if students are to understand the
continuity of the
curriculum and derive the maximum benefit from education to reach their
1. Personal illness.
2. Family circumstances.
4. Prearranged visit to social institutions (olympiads, contests, sport
forums), discussed with the principal or the Head Teacher.
5. Emergencies (Administrative Approved).
1. Traffic trouble
2. Illegal employment
3. Parental neglect (visiting, overslept, undone homework, missed bus,
Upon your return to school after an absence a written excuse must be
brought from home,
explaining the reason for your absence. Excuses for absence should be
taken to the Head
Teacher or a person, responsible for attendance.
Absences must be properly excused in the accordance with the school
School policy may require a medical excuse for any questionable absence
or for 3 or more
consecutive days out of absence. The school will make a reasonable
attempt to contact
parents of the students absent from school.
Make Up Assignments / Work
Students with unexcused absence will be allowed to make up any work
missed, to take
tests, which were missed, and to submit any assignments, which became
due during the
absence. The responsibility for arranging make-up work and turning in
with the student.
Lateness to School
A student who arrives to school later than 8.00 a.m. will report to
his Room Teacher
and remain in class. Lateness will be recorded in the Class Journal.
will result in review by the administration with the appropriate
Early dismissal will be granted under certain circumstances. When
requesting an early
dismissal, a written request must be presented to the Assistant
Principal or the Head
Teacher by 8.00 a.m. on the day of the request.
All such requests must bear the signature of the parent or guardian and
number where the parent or the guardian may be reached.
Students may not leave school without prior approval of the Assistant
Principal or the
1. Students are to go directly to their assigned seats upon entering
2. Students will remain in their seats and at work until dismissed by
3. Students are to give prompt obedience to any order or request given
by the teacher.
4. Respect and good manners are to be shown to all teachers all the
5. Students are not to mark up desks or walls or other parts of the
6. Students are liable for any damages for which they are responsible.
7. No personal grooming in class is allowed (i.e. combing hair, using
Violation of any of the points above may result in disciplinary actions
A student shall be subject to suspension for any conduct or behavior,
hinders, or threatens the proper and orderly functioning of any school
classroom, extra-curricular, and athletic activities.
1. Class Cutting. It is a serious matter and disciplinary
penalties will be
handled through parent contact and in-school and out-of-school
2. Drugs / Alcohol. The possession, use, selling, or
transferring of alcohol,
drugs, or any illegal substance is strictly forbidden in school, at
school activities, on
school property. Penalty: suspension notification of police and a
3. Smoking. A student may not possess, use, dispense, or sell
while in school buildings, school grounds, or school buses.
4. Fighting. It is unacceptable behavior and has no place in
school. Because of
the potential for serious injury and disruption, fighting is dealt with
must make every effort to avoid involvement in a fight or they will have
to suffer the
penalties, up to an optional recommendation for expulsion.
5. Telephone use. A public telephone is located in the school
lobby and may be
used by students to make personal calls. The use of sell phones and
during class are prohibited.
6. Harassment. Swearing or suggestive language is
inappropriate at all the
times. Actions, remarks (spoken or written) that defame the dignity or
individuals or groups and create intimidating, hostile, or offensive
those of sexual nature, are not tolerated in school. Penalty - as
designated in the
Student Code of Conduct.
7. Weapons. Students may not possess or conceal articles
commonly used or
designated to inflict bodily harm or to intimidate other persons, or to
use in an
aggressive manner articles designated for other purposes.
8. Entertainment. Possession of playing cards or other games
of chance is not
9. Fire Alarms (drills). Fire drills are required by law. At
the sounding of the
fire bells (three consistent bells) students proceed to the fire exits.
Be quiet and
orderly upon reaching the outside of the building. Students should move
to the assigned
positions away from the building. When returning to the building,
students should move
quickly and in an orderly manner of state law. Students are prohibited
by State law from
tampering with the fire alarm. Any student apprehended for pulling a
false fire alarm will
be prosecuted to the fullest extent.
10. Academic Cheating means the attempt to obtain knowledge,
material from another person or source of information, and to submit
such work as the work
product of the student; for example, giving or receiving aid during a
lending one's own work, or acquiring the work of another for the purpose
of submitting all
or a part thereof as the work product of the student.
Penalties: student will receive a grade penalty and/or disciplinary
action according to
the School Code of Conduct.
11. Special student functions
All student and class activities not provided for in regular classes
must be arranged
in advance with the principal.
- Generally, evening events will be scheduled on Friday or on
- A teacher must be present at all times when students are
decorating or cleaning up any
part of the school facilities for dances, rehearsals, or other
- After a school function, all decorations must be removed, and the
part of the building
used must be left in good order.
- Students may not be excused from classes to assist in the
preparation for social
functions or other school events.
- Students who are planning to participate in school functions are
expected to be in
school during the session preceding the function.
12. Visitors. No guests or visitors, except those on school
prearranged student exchange, will be permitted during school hours. For
younger brothers or sisters are not permitted to visit the school.
Reminder: for all misconducts students will take moral or economic
Dress Code Requirements
1. Students may dress or wear hair in any fashions, which suits their
provided such style within reasonable limits of decency, and propriety.
2. All garments should be clean and free of holes. Standard of
personal hygiene must be
3. It is prohibited to wear:
- C'lothing which displays slogans and pictures, which are
suggestive of the use of
alcohol, tobacco, drugs, or illegal behavior or contain obscene
- revealing tops, transparent clothing.
- hats, caps, or distracting head wear.
4. Sport uniform is supposed to be worn only at Physical Education
5. No one may dress in any manner, which interrupts the educational
6. For special events like field trips, dances, commencement, etc.,
special dress may
Consequences for students violating the above dress code
Violators of the dress code will be referred to the Principal and the
incident shall be
treated as a disciplinary violation. Students will be reinstated to
class when the
inadmissible clothing is replaced with appropriate one.
The administration reserves the right to make modifications to
this dress code with
School Board approval.
The information contained in the Student Handbook is based upon
provided in the:
1. Class Self-government Regulations.
2. Fargo Public High School Student Handbook, Premier, a School
printed in the USA, 2003.
3. Happy Birthday. Compiled by Laurence L. Beilenson. - New York, Peter
Pauper Press Inc.
White Plains, 1995.
4. John-Roger and Peter McWilliams. The Portable Do It! - Los Angeles,
5. Littlestown Senior High School Handbook, Premier, a School Speciality
in the USA, 2003.
6. Monroe Area Comprehensive High School, Premier, a School Speciality
Company, printed in
the USA, 2003.
7. Pine Forest High School Student Handbook, Premier, a School
Speciality Company, printed
in the USA, 2003.
8. G. Ridless. Little Treasures. - New York, Peter Pauper Press Inc.
White Plains, 1991.
9. School Code of the municipal Educational Institution "Comprehensive
School specializing in English № 27".
10. School № 27 Constitution.
11. Student Code of Conduct, School № 27.
12. The history of School № 27.
13. The history of Angarsk.
14. The Russian School Handbook for students of 5-11 grades, Publishing
Rhyme", Smolensk, 2000.
15. The Russian School Handbook, Publishing House "The Rhyme", Smolensk,
16. A.M. Savchenko. Cultural Education by Means of a Foreign Language. -
17. William Penn High School Student Handbook/Planner 1997-98, Select
Agendas, printed in
1. A label is easy to stick on, but takes some effort to remove.
2. You can't judge a book by its cover, but you can tell a lot by the
3. Never forget to do the impossible while reaching the possible. (A.
4. Once you stop acting like something you become something.
5. Good thoughts are worth of repeating. (M. Kalinin)
6. It's easy to jump off the merry-go-round. It's harder to stay on and
not get dizzy.
7. Study and read. Read books that are serious. Life will do the rest.
8. Perfect balance is getting everything you want out of life without
compromising any of
9. Never, under no circumstances, think the world of yourself or
swagger. (A. Chekhov)
10. Don't teach - don't preach - don't try to reach. Just seek and all
will come to you.
11. Many people prefer joking to thinking. (M. Gorky)
12. Fame does not make one an authority.
13. The wealth of language is the wealth of thoughts. (N. Karamzin)
14. We all lie. The only difference is how we disguise it to ourselves
or to others.
15. The book is the greatest thing while the person knows how to use it.
16. If we were all brought up to think about the next generation, this
one would be just
17. The one who doesn't respect oneself will definitely not be respected
by others. (N.
18. Ever notice that people who say "don't follow me" have thousands of
19. Define the way of life even when it seems unbearable to live. Make
your life useful.
20. If I could find just one square inch on earth where I didn't have to
answer to anyone,
I would call that Freedom.
21. Only a deep and kind soul can laugh kindly and heartily. (N. Gogol)
22. There are no new thoughts - just new ways to say them.
23. Simplicity is the main condition for moral beauty. (L. Tolstoy)
24. If I'm not responsible for the meaning of what I say - then who is?
25. Truth is an air we can't live without. (I. Turgenev)
26. Obsession is 99% of accomplishing any goal. 1% is luck.
27. In human ignorance it is more comforting to consider all that you
don't know as
nonsense. (D. Fonvizin)
28. If we can imagine it, it can come true. So I suggest we be careful
about what we
29. Never listen to those who speak ill of others and well of you. (L.
30. Like money in the bank, patience breeds interest.
31. A man doesn't die if he is inspired by a common idea and serves a
common aim. (D.
32. The most difficult action in the world is to listen.
33. Reading is the best study. To follow the thoughts of distinguished
people is an
extremely exciting experience. (A. Pushkin)
34. Life is a struggle for those who want more than life itself.
35. There is nothing more tiresome than a dull mind. (I. Turgenev)
36. There is quite a difference between knowing and understanding.
37. A thought! A great thing! This is what the greatness of a man
implies. (A. Pushkin)
38. We are always acting, even when we are alone.
39. Where there is lack of exact knowledge, there is mere guess-work,
but from ten
attempts nine are wrong. (M. Gorky)
40. It's impossible to judge someone without judging yourself.
41. How narrow are the limits of human sincerity and how firm they are
self-esteem. (M. Gorky)
42. Perfection is the ugliest thing in the world.
43. To lie to yourself is the most widespread and lowest form of human
slavery by his own
life. (L. Andreev)
44. Every day is a chance to breathe.
45. Most of all I'm ashamed of lie that is always the result of weakness
46. An option is nothing more than two doors that are halfway open.
47. When all Don-Quixotes are gone, let the History Book go into the
past. There will be
nothing to read in it. (I. Turgenev)
48. If we are all completely unique, how can someone be better than
49. Neither an emperor nor a slave does friendship need. It is based on
50. The surest way to spread a message is to ask someone to keep it a
51. It's better to have a bare-faced enemy than a flatterer and
hypocrite who shames the
humanity. (Peter I)
52. Without a clock time becomes infinite.
53. Persistently follow the rule: words should be packed, for thoughts -
plenty of room.
54. Not everything needs an explanation.
55. A fool who confesses that he (she) is a fool is a progressing
person. (F. Dostoyevsky)
56. An objective view can be a great communication bridge.
57. Anyone who wants to develop a will must learn to overcome obstacles.
58. Properly, we should read for power. Man reading should be man
intensely alive. The
book should be a ball of light in one's hand. (Ezra Pound)
59. An optimist is not the one who never suffered but one who
experienced the despair and
overcame it. (A. Skryabin)
60. Regret for the things we did can be tempered by time; it is regret
for the things we
did not do, that is inconsolable. (Sydney J. Harris)
61. A real strength is not in temper but in an unshakable calmness. (L.
62. Many of life's failures are people who did not realize how close
they were to success
when they gave up. (Thomas Edison)
63. They are cowards who talk more about courage and scoundrels - about
64. Success is simply a matter of luck. Ask any failure. (Earl Wilson)
65. It's even pleasant to be ill when you know that there are people
waiting for your
recovery as a holiday. (A. Chekhov)
66. There is no cure for birth and death, save to enjoy the interval.
67. The beauty lies not in particular traits and lines but in a general
in a life sense that this face displays. (N. Dobrolyubov)
68. Rule for Happiness: something to do, someone to love, something to
hope for. (Immanuel
69. The humanity progresses only if it makes its best dreams true. (K.
70. Even, if I knew certainly the world would end tomorrow, I would
plant an apple tree
today. (Martin Luther)
71. It is a bad omen when one stops understanding irony, allegory or a
72. If silence is golden, how come everyone asks for jewelry?
73. You may dispute only with a person who you don't agree with but at
the same time
clearly understand. (V. Belinsky)
74. Take care of the minutes, and the hours will take care of themselves
75. There is nothing more encouraging idleness than trifling
conversations. (L. Tolstoy)
76. Happiness is perfume: you can't pour it on somebody else without
getting a few drops
on yourself (J. Van Der Zee).
77. Polemic is an extremely convenient way for clarifying a thought. (F.
78. We forfeit three-fourths of ourselves to be like other people (A.
79. There is no happiness in idleness. (F. Dostoyevsky)