• to practise prediction and extensive listening for specific
• to practise speaking and giving opinions
A) The teacher either brings the photos or writes the following words:
shepherd, rock star, financial dealer, student on the blackboard. The students
in the classroom have to answer the question: What lifestyle do you think the
people have? The key words will help them.
Key words: creative, boring, busy, dangerous, active, easy, lazy,
exciting, free, interesting, peaceful, relaxing, stressful.
Example: I think a shepherd's life is peaceful and relaxing — but maybe
it's boring sometimes.
B) The students listen to the information and say which of the people is
Rock star. Being famous isn't easy, you know. I travel a lot — I have
concerts in different countries. But my job is creative and, er, exciting, very
exciting. I love the concerts, the music, the lights, and the people cheering,
know what I mean.
Student. My dad says these are the best days if my life — but I'm not so
sure! You know, I've got lots of work to do and there's not much time really. I
also play football for school team and we have to do training three nights a
Shepherd. I love the animals and I love being outdoors, alone with my
thoughts. It's peaceful. And there's no one to tell me what to do. But it's not
so good when the weather's bad!
Dealer. I'm very busy, and I don't have time to see my husband and children.
Mmmm... and my life is very stressful, I suppose. I mean, I've got responsibility
for big amounts of money. But I find it very exciting.
Introducing the Topic
A) Think of the situation below. Use the key words to say how relaxing
or stressful they are for you.
Key words: very relaxing, quite relaxing, a little stressful, very
a) studying for an exam
b) lying on a beach
c) waiting for exam results
d) giving a talk to your class in your own language
e) giving a talk to your class in English
f) shopping with a friend
B) Talk about activities you find relaxing or stressful. Example: I find
painting and drawing very relaxing...
Listening Strategies: Prediction
• Before you listen, read the questions carefully
• Try to think of possible answers
• Use your knowledge of the world to help you
A) Try to predict answers to the questions. More than one answer is
1. Which of these people can suffer from a lot of stress?
a) Police officers;
c) factory workers;
2. Which of these factors can cause stress?
a) A lot of free time;
b) problems with people;
c) some social situations;
d) doing sports.
3. What can we do to relax and reduce stress?
a) Organize our work / studies;
b) eat a lot;
c) do exercise;
d) talk to people about problem.
B) Listen and check your prediction.
Presenter. Good afternoon and welcome to Lifestyles. Today we're going
to look at stress — what causes it and what we can do to relax and prevent
stress. We have in studio Dr Klinsman, an expert on stress.
Doctor. Good morning.
Presenter. Dr Klinsman... er ...what kinds of people actually suffer
Doctor. Well, anybody can suffer from stress. There are certain jobs
that are very stressful, like some jobs in business or the police. But,
probably everyone suffers from stress at some time in their life — students,
doctors, factory workers — anybody.
Presenter. But what really causes it?
Doctor. There are different factors. One is time and pressures of work
and study. At school, for example, students can become very stressful when they
have a lot of homework to do and they feel they haven't got time to do it all.
Other factors can be social — if you have a problem with your family or friends
or at school. And it depends on the person — if you're shy, social occasions
like parties can be very stressful.
Presenter. And what can you do to stop stress and worry? Because stress
is very bad for you, isn't it?
Doctor. Yes, it can cause a lot of health problems. But to answer your
question, there are lots of things you can do to reduce stress. You can
organize your work or studies. For example, you can make a list and do all the
important things first.
You must eat well — have a good diet — and of course do exercises regularly.
Finally, you can talk to people about your problems — talk to a friend, someone
in your family or, if you're studying, talk to a teacher. You can also do
Presenter. Will you describe some of these...
C) Now listen again and answer the questions:
1. When do students suffer from stress?
2. What social occasions can be difficult for shy people?
3. What is a good way of organizing work or studies?
4. Who can people talk to about their problems?
5. What exercises can help reduce stress?
D) Work in groups.
Comment on the doctor's words how to relax and prevent stress.
E) Copy the table. Listen to Mark and complete the table.
Mark. Things I find stressful? Well, I really hate... mm ...doing exams.
Mm, I get very nervous the nights before, you know. And I can't sleep, you know
what I mean? I'm also shy and I don't like going to parties very much. I prefer
meeting people in small groups, you know. Ah, there's another thing — in French
lessons I can't stand talking in front of the class, er, I get nervous and make
lots of mistakes. Things I find relaxing? Well, mm I like a lot of things. I
love talking to my friends. And when I'm tired and want to relax I enjoy listening
to music and I also like reading. Ah, and I quite like sitting and doing
F) Listen again and use the verbs to complete the sentences.
can't stand; love; like; don't like; quite like; prefer; enjoy; hate
1. I really_doing exams. (Hate)
2. I_talking in front of the class. (Can't stand)
3. I_going to parties very much. (Don't like)
4. I_meeting people in small groups. (Prefer)
5. I_listening to music. (Enjoy)
6. I_reading. (Like)
7. I_sitting and doing nothing. (Quite like)
8. I_talking to my friends. (Love)
G) Write sentences about yourself using the verbs from the table.
Work in groups of four.
A) Take turns to talk about activities you kike and don't like. Talk for
as long as you can.
B) Work at the quote: "Happiness is good health and a bad
memory". Ingrid Bergman, Swedish film actress, (1913—1982)
The students read the quote. The teacher writes on the board: good, bad,
a lot of, not many, much. In groups, the students make two or three sentences
using the pattern:
Happiness is... and....
The groups read out their sentences to the class who can vote for the
Work out the recommendations how to reduce stress.