Цели и задачи:
- развитие способности к анализу, обобщению, к сравнению и
сопоставлению речевых единиц, развитие познавательного интереса
- формирование потребности и способности к сотрудничеству и взаимопомощи при работе в паре и группе;
- воспитание чувства гордости за свою страну.
Teacher: Dear boys and girls! I am very
glad to see you at our lesson today because we have an unusual lesson –
a competition. There are two teams at the lesson: ……. team and ………
team. They will show us their knowledge of the Russian Federation
because our lesson is devoted to this country. We’ll speak about the
sights, the capital of the country some politicians and writers and
interesting facts. We’ll have several tasks at the lesson. Some of them
were prepared by your classmates. I hope our competition will be fun. I
have lots of red and blue stars here. For a right answer you will get a
star. At the end of the competition you’ll count all the stars you’ve
received. The winner will be the team with the biggest number of the
stars. Let’s start our lesson.
II. Warm-up activities
1. Do you know what the state coat of arms? (the two-headed eagle)
The first task is to collect the picture of the state coat of arms.
III. Interpretation and presentation
2. And now let’s listen the dialogue about the Russian Federation.
– What area does the Russian Federation occupy?
– It occupies the area of some 17,000,000 square kilometres.
– What oceans is the country washed by?
– The country is washed by the Pacific Ocean, the Arctic Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean.
– What countries does the state border on by sea and by land?
– Russia has a land border with China, Mongolia, Korea, Kazakhstan,
Georgia and Azerbaijan in the south, Norway, Finland, the Baltic
States (Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia), Poland, Byelorussia and the
Ukraine ii the west. Russia has a sea-border with the USA and Japan.
– What is the most important river of Russia?
– The Volga is the longest and the most important river of Russia.
It flows into the Caspian Sea. Many rich and important industrial
cities stand on the Volga.
– What resources is Russia rich in?
– Russia is rich in gas, oil, coal, non-ferrous metals such as
aluminium, nickel and lead, in iron ores. Russia is also rich in
natural resources such as timber, fish and fresh water.
– What kind of state is Russia?
– Russia now is a parliamentary republic.
– What is the political structure of the country?
– There are three branches of power - the legislative branch, the executive branch and the juridical branch.
– Are there many political parties in Russia?
– Yes, there are. We have many parties. That helps democracy.
Everyone can find a party to his/her taste or organise his own party.
– What are the national symbols of Russia?
– The flag has three equal stripes – white, blue and red. The state
anthem is "The Anthem of Russia” by Mikhalkov. The state coat of arms
represents the two-headed eagle.
– How can you characterize the climate of our Motherland?
– The country lies in several different zones that’s why there are
several types of climate, including the monsoon climate of the Far East,
the continental climate of Siberia and the subtropical climate of the
– What are the main industries of Russia?
– Oil, gas and coal extracting industries are developing now. The
food industry supplies the population with food and drinks in
abundance. The machine-building industry produces modern machinery.
– What can you say about Russian culture?
– Russian culture is famous for its masterpieces. Nowadays composers,
dancers and artists continue the traditions of their ancestors.
– Is Russian school system different from that of the USA and Great Britain?
– Yes, it is different. The main differences are the age of entering
the school, the national curriculum, the number of years spent at
school and the way of getting higher education.
3. And now choose the right answer.
The official name of our homeland is …
b) the Russian Federation
c) the Republic of the Russian Federation.
There are … republics and 68 other regions in the Russian Federation.
The National Government of Russia consists of ...
a) the President and the Prime Minister;
b) the President and the Council of Ministers;
c) the President, the Council of Ministers and the Federal Assembly
There are … Houses in the Federal Assembly.
The lower House of the Federal Assembly is …
a) the State Duma;
b) the Council of Ministers;
c) the Federal Council.
The population of Russia is about
a) 148 000 000;
c) 548 000 000.
The Head of the Republic of the Russian Federation is …
a) the President;
b) the Prime Minister;
c) the Speaker of the State Duma.
The original name of the city founded on the Neva banks by Peter the Great was …
b) St Petersburg;
The five ancient Russian towns which are known as Zolotoe Koitso
(the Golden Ring) include Rostov Veliky, Suzdal, Vladimir, Zvenigorod
Russia is a land of over ... nationalities.
4. What is the capital of the Russian Federation? (Moscow)
Did anybody visit Moscow?
But Kira was in Moscow more than 5 times, and we asked her
to tell us something interesting. Kira, what can you say about the Red
The Red Square is the heart of Moscow. It was formed in the 15th
century and named "the Red Square” because of its beauty (at that time
"red” meant "beautiful”). Since the 16th century it has been used for
parades and ceremonies. The Cathedral of Basil the Blessed was erected
in the 16th century and since then has been a jewel of Russian
architecture. The monument to Minin and Pozharsky was opened in 1818,
right after the reconstruction of the Red Square after the Fire of
1812. In the 19th century the building of the Historical Museum was
constructed. During 1924-1930 the Lenin’s Mausoleum was being built
near the Kremlin wall. The Red Square is the point from which all
distances in Russia are measured. It is also the place for official
ceremonies and parades. Also you can see the Cathedrals of Assumption,
of Annunciation, of Archangels, of Twelve Apostles. There are
Oruzheynaya Palata, the Granovitaya Palata and others.
The Kremlin and St Basil's Cathedral (Vasily Blazheny) are
masterpieces of ancient Russian architecture. The main Kremlin tower,
the Spasskaya Tower, has become the symbol of the country. On the
territory of the Kremlin you can see old cathedrals, the Bell Tower of
Ivan the Great, the Tzar-Cannon and the Tzar-Bell, the biggest cannon
and bell in the world. St.Basil's Cathedral was built in the mid-16th
century in memory of the victory over Kazan. There's a legend that Ivan
the Terrible blinded the architects Barma and Postnik, because he
didn't want them to create another masterpiece.
5. Choose the names from sightseeings of Moscow the names which you can find in the Red Square.
- The Cathedral of Basil the Blessed
- The monument to Minin and Pozharsky
- the Lenin’s Mausoleum
- the Historical Museum
- the Cathedral of Assumption
- the Cathedral of Annunciation
- the Cathedral of Archangels
- Oruzheynaya Palata
- the Granovitaya Palata
- the Spasskaya Tower
- the Bell Tower of Ivan the Great
- the Tzar-Cannon
- the Tzar-Bell
6. And now you see a puzzle, you are to answer the questions up to the end and guess the key-word.
- The president of Russia;
- A largest river in Siberia;
- One of the cities in Russia;
- The highest peak
- The name of our country;
- The symbol of our country;
- The world’s deepest lake;
- A mountain chain;
- A famous Russian artist;
- Russian composer.
7. You remember that many years ago St. Petersburg was the
capital of Russia and that’s why we are to know as much about this city
as we can. Let’s check your knowledge about St. Petersburg.
Peter the Great founded St Petersburg in 1703. How old was the city when it became Russia’s capital?
The Bronze Horseman was created by
The Winter Palace was built for Empress Elizabeth, daughter of Peter the Great. However, she never lived there because…..
a) she didn’t like it;
b) she quarrelled with the arehitect, Bartolomeo Rastrelli;
c) she had died by the time it was completed.
The Hermitage has the largest collection of pictures in the world. How many buildings does it occupy?
The tallest building in St Petersburg is
a) St Isaac’s Cathedral;
b) Peter and Paul’s Cathedral;
c) the Admiralty.
How long did it take Auguste Moniferrand to build St Isaac’s Cathedral?
a) 4 years;
b) 24 years;
c) 40 years.
Who is buried in Kazansky Cathedral (The Cathedral of Our Lady of Kazan)?
This church was built on the spot where one of the Russian tsars
was assassinated. A group of revolutionaries threw a bomb under his
carriage and the tsar was badly wounded, The name of the tsar was
a) Alexander I;
b) Alexander II;
c) Alexander III.
This palace had lots of levels, secret passages and rooms
because its owner was afraid of plots. Nothing helped, however, and he
was murdered. His name was
a) Peter III;
b) Paul I;
c) Nicholas II.
Like the Tretvakov Gallery in Moscow, the Russian Museum contains
one of the finest collections of Russian art in the world. This
beautiful building was designed by
8. And now let’s check your knowledge about the history of the Russian Federation.
Match these important dates with the events.
||Yuri Dolgoruky founds Moscow
||Khan Batyi of the Golden Horde conquers Moscow, the Tartar yoke which lasted until the 16th century begins
||Mikhail Romanov is elected Tsar of all Russia, the Romanov dynasty begins
||Peter the Great founds St Petersburg on 16 May
||Napoleon tries to conquer Russia
||Alexander II writes the decree abolishing serfdom
||the October Revolution takes place
||the USSR enters World War II
||Moscow hosts the XX Olympic Games
||the USSR breaks up
9. Do you know who the president of the Russian Federation is? (Vladimir Putin)
But who was the Russian leaders during its history?
Match the names, dates and information about Russian leaders.
Vladimir Lenin (1870-1924)
- Russian revolutionary
- Main leader and force behind the 1917 Revolution
- Founder of Leninism, a variation of Marxism
- First head of the Soviet Union
Joseph Stalin (1879-1953)
- One of the first editors of Pravda (the official Communist party newspaper)
- General Secretary of Communist Party after Lenin’s death
- Established the Soviet Union as a modern economic and military power that repelled Hitler’s forces in World War II
- Notorious for ‘The Great Purge’ - a campaign of political
persecution that executed millions of his opponents (real or perceived)
- Established Soviet Union as one of the world’s two superpowers
Mikhail Gorbachev (1931)
- introduced economic reforms known as perestroika (restructuring) and an era of openness (glasnost)
- instrumental in ending the Cold War and, ultimately, Russian Communism
- Won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1990
Boris Yeltsin (1931-2007)
- Served as first President of Russian Federation (1991-1999)
- Banned Communist party
- Privatised former state enterprises in free-market economic reforms
- Invaded Chechnya, a republic seeking independence from Moscow
- Russians "remember the years when he was President in the 1990s as years of near-anarchy and instability.”
Vladimir Putin (1952)
- Former KGB’ agent
- Economic achievements include the strongest prosperity Russia has
ever known. Personal income and pensions have risen 10 per cent each
year; Russia has paid off all its debts in full. Putin’s approval
rating is 81%.
- Accused by critics of turning Russia into an oligarchy (a country
ruled by an elite few) and of filling his cabinet and government posts
with former KGB colleagues.
- Accused of suppressing free speech and a critical media. Since
his election, fourteen journalists have died "in suspicious
circumstances.” a Some Western critics question any possible link to
the murder of enemies, like ex-KGB agent Alexander Litvinenko in London
10. Make sure that you know the Russian national holidays
and festivals, that’s why let’s match the names of the holidays and the
dates and their descriptions.
|5) NewYear’s Day
2) Orthodox Christmas
11) Country Defendant’s Day
9) Women’s Day
8) Easter (Paskha)
10) Day of Spring and Labour
6) Victory Day
1) Russian Independence Day
7) Day of Reconciliation and Harmony
3) Constitution Day
Well, I see that you know a lot of information about Russia. And let’s count the result of our competition.
The winner is … (you are equal)