• to practise hstening for specific information
• to present and practice the use of modal verbs may, might
• to practise speaking about Ukrainian singers
A) What kind of music do Ukrainians play, sing, listen to and compose?
What are the characteristic features of Ukrainian songs?
B) "This orchestra is able to perform any classical music".
What orchestra are we talking about?
THE UKRAINIAN FOLK INSTRUMENTS' STATE ORCHESTRA
The first concert of the Ukrainian folk instruments' state orchestra was
held at the Kyiv Opera and Ballet theatre, the present Ukrainian National Opera
House. The orchestra's instruments are so different that they can perform any
classics: Berezovsky, Bortnyansky, Lysenko and others. The group propagates
Ukrainian songs by performing together with the best noted Ukrainian singers.
The group attended all the parts of Ukraine and a lot of foreign countries.
Introducing the Topic
Listen to the text and answer the questions. Vocabulary:
ivory — слонова кістка psaltery
— гуслі to narrate — розповідати
to call up — звати, закликати to inspire — надихати
spiritual — церковний, релігійний, духовний
to be widespread — бути широко розповсюдженим
The Ukrainian notion is famous for its musicality. One could see the
first old Russian musicians in the frescos of Saint Sofia Cathedral. Archeological
researches stated that first musical instruments were made of mammoth ivory.
The most widespread musical instrument of the Old Rus was psaltery. The
psaltery was used to accompany songs that were narrating about brave princes
During the Mongol-Tatar invasion the development of Ukrainian musical
culture was stopped.
The Ukrainian folk songs inspired famous composers in their work. One
can hear the spiritual music of the Ukrainian composers in different churches
of the world. (D. Bortnyansky, M. Berezovsky, A. Vedel)
In S. Hulak-Artemovsky's and M. Lysenko's operas Ukrainian character and
spirit, tender lyrical themes and patriotism were presented. The Ukrainian
songs worked by M. Leontovych, M. Lysenko, K. Stetsenko are very popular.
The most famous among the Ukrainian musical companies are State Academical
capella "Dumka" and State Academical National Choir of G. Veryo-vka,
State Academical Ensemble of folk dance of R Virsky.
The Ukrainian folk songs are a symbol of love and they are widespread in
the world. Let's remember the R Mayboroda's "Pisnya pro rushnyk" that
has been famous for 40 years.
1. What was the
most widespread musical instrument of the Old Rus?
2. Did Ukrainian
musical culture develop during the Mongol-Tatar invasion?
3. Did the
Ukrainian folk songs inspire famous composers in their work?
4. What are the
most famous Ukrainian musical companies?
5. What do the
Ukrainian songs symbolize?
Work in pairs
1. Ask your friend the appropriate questions in order to complete the
chart. Favourite Ukrainian singer:
Date of birth: Place of birth: Kind of music: First hit: Latest record:
Seen live on: Seen live at:
2. Write the questions out in full:
The students listen to the different songs by the Ukrainian composers
and try to guess the names of the composers and the singers.
Modal verbs MAY, MIGHT
WHEN YOU'RE 22 (after Caroline Graham)
What are you going to do when you are 22? I haven't decided. What about
I might climb a mountain, I might go to France, I might write a story, I
might learn to dance.
What are you going to do when you are 23?
I might be in Paris, I might be in Rome, I might be in Turkey, I might
be at home.
What are you going to do when you are 93? I'm going to be old When I'm
What are you going to do when you are one hundred and two? I haven't
decided. What about you?
I. Presentation: MAY, MIGHT
1. May is used to ask permission, e.g. Frederick. "May I borrow
your bicycle, Tom?"
Margaret and Mary. "May we go into your garden, Mr. Green?"
Quite often, as a matter of fact, we use can to ask permission, e.g. Can I
borrow your bicycle, Tom Can we go into your garden, Mr. Green?
But "I can" really means "I am able to". "I
may" means "I am allowed to". It's possible to see the
difference in this little conversation.
Young nephew: "Can I smoke in your sitting room, Aunt?
Strict old aunt: "You can, Charles, but you may not".
If we put these sentences into the past tense we get the form might.
Frederick asked if he might borrow Tom's bicycle.
Margaret and Mary asked his aunt if they might go into Mr. Green's garden.
Charles asked his aunt if he could smoke. She said that he could but
that he might not. Present Tense: Fred may borrow my bicycle. Past Tense: Tom
said Fred might borrow his bicycle.
2. May, might expresses another meaning — possibility.
Margaret and Mary: "We want to have a picnic this afternoon,
Mother. Do you think it is going to rain?"
Mother: "Well, it may rain; there are some clouds in the sky But
the sun may come out and clear them away".
And here's what the girls said the next morning talking of their picnic:
"Before we went for our picnic we asked mother if she thought it
might rain. She said it might because there were clouds in the sky, but she
hoped the sun might come out and clear the clouds away. And I'm glad to say
that it did and we had lovely picnic.
/7. Game Suggestive shapes
Students play this game in pairs. Make one copy of the sheet of pictures
for each student in the class. Leave half the number of sheets intact, but cut
up the others.
Divide the students into pairs. Give student A the intact sheet of
pictures, and tell him / her to look at it, but not to show it to the student
B. Give the student B the cut up pictures.
Student A should describe each of the pictures in order by saying what
it resembles, for example, It might be a witch's hat, It might be a bone, etc.
Student B should select the pictures described by student A and arrange
them in order.
III. Ex 1. Translate the
sentences into Ukrainian.
May I go to the post-office with Mike?
May I take Peter's book?
Don't give the vase to the children. They may break
May we take the notes with a pencil?
You may not cross the street when the Ught is red.
May I shut the door?
May I invite Nick to our house?
You may go now.
If you have done your homework you may go for a walk.
Don't go to the wood alone: you may lose your way.
It stopped raining, and mother told us that we might
May children play with scissors?
Ex. 2 Translate the sentences
into English using the modal verb may.
Можна мені піти на прогулянку?
Якщо твоя робота готова, ти можеш іти додому.
Вчитель сказав, що ми можемо йти додому.
Лікар сказав, що я вже можу купатися.
Лікар говорить, що я вже можу купатися.
Я вважав, що мені можна дивитись телевізор.
Не виходь із дому: мама може незабаром прийти, а в неї немає ключа.
Будь обережним: ти можеш упасти.
Не чіпай собаку: він може тебе вкусити.
Можливо, він забув про це.
Можливо, ми поїдемо до Львову на зимових канікулах. Homework
Tell about your favourite Ukrainian singer. Prepare a report about him /her.