Цель: познакомить учащихся с жизнью и творчеством великого поэта;
развивать коммуникативные способности; практиковать учащихся в
аудировании с охватом основного содержания материала; расширять кругозор
учащихся; прививать интерес к чтению; совершенствовать выразительное
I. Organization moment: greeting
T. Look at the
blackboard. You can see a portrait of a famous man. Do you know who he
is? (a portrait of W. Shakespeare is on the blackboard.)
P. He is W. Shakespeare.
T. You are right. Today we’ll speak about W. Shakespeare, his life and
work, his role in English literature, listen to his sonnets and recite
them. I hope you’ll learn many interesting things about this poet. And
now, will you give some attributes or, may be, some nouns to describe
him. What associations have you got looking at this portrait?
Ps. A famous poet, lived many years ago, a writer, clever, looked with proud, sad, an actor, happy, etc.
T. Let’s read the text to get some information about this poet. (the
text is on the blackboard. P. reads the text.) The last half of the 16th
and the beginning of the 17th centuries are known as the golden age of
English literature. It was the time of the English Renaissance and
sometimes it is even called ‘’ the age of Shakespeare”. William
Shakespeare is the world’s greatest poet and dramatist. Every educated
person knows the works of the greatest poet. Words and phrases from
Shakespeare’s works have become part of the English language and are
used by all. Shakespeare made fuller use of the English language than
any other writer. There is no better way for a foreigner to understand
the richness of the English language than by studying how Shakespeare
T. Do you want to know more about W. Shakespeare? Ask questions in chain to get more information.
P1. Was he married? What were his father and mother?
P2. Where did he study?
P3. What was his occupation in youth?
P4. How many children did he have?
P5. Did he write only sonnets?
P6. What were his famous works?
P7. How many sonnets did he write?
P8. Did he write only about love?
P9. Did he work as an actor?
P10. When did he die?
T. To get the answers to these questions you will work in groups and
find them in your texts. Each group will get the text, read it
attentively and find the answers to the questions. Then we discuss them.
Group I. William Shakespeare was born on April, 23, 1564 in the
town of Stratford-upon-Avon. His father was a glove-maker and a dealer
in wool and had several houses in Stratford. He was a respected figure
in the town. His mother was a farmer’s daughter. In his childhood
William went to the Grammar school, where, besides reading and writing,
he was taught Latin, Greek and other subjects. When he had free time he
liked to go to the forest and to the river. When actors visited
Stratford, William liked to watch them. He was interested in that
profession and decided to become an actor himself. In 1582 he married
Anne Hathaway. His wife was eight years older then William. He had got
three children: a daughter Susanna and twins Judith and Hamnet.
Group II. William lived in Stratford until he was about twenty-one. Then
he went to London. We don’t know why he left Stratford-upon-Avon. There
is absolutely nothing about his life for the next seven years. There is
a story that Shakespeare’s fist job in London was holding rich men’s
horses at the theatre door. But nobody can be sure that this story is
true. He became a member of the company, known as "Chamberlain’s Men ",
which played at the "Theatre”.
Shakespeare played on its stage and
wrote plays for this theatre. He was a good friend to his comrades in
the theatre. Shakespeare’s experience as an actor helped him greatly in
writing of his plays. His knowledge of the stage and his poetical genius
made his plays the most wonderful ones ever written.
Shakespeare wrote 37 plays. Among them there are deep tragedies, light
comedies, historical dramas. The characters in Shakespeare’s plays seem
as if they were real people whom we could recognize at once if we met
them in ordinary life. In fact, the names of some Shakespeare’s
characters, such as Hamlet, Othello, Romeo and many others, are known
even to people who have never seen the plays. He wrote 154 sonnets. They
tell us the history of love and friendship of the poet, his attitude to
society. Shakespeare spent the last year of his life at Stratford,
where he died in 1616. He was buried in the church of Stratford. His
famous works are: "Romeo and Juliet”, "Hamlet”, "Othello”, "King Lear”,
"Macbeth”, "All’s Well That Ends Well”, "Twelfth Night”, "Much Ado About
Nothing”, "Richard I”, "Henry IV”.
T. And now let’s answer the questions, written on the blackboard. (ps answer the questions).
To sum up the information speak on the topic according to the plan, which is written on the blackboard.
I. Shakespeare’s childhood and youth.
II. His life and work in London.
III. His famous works.
T. Shakespeare had got a lot of quotations, which we sometimes use in
our speech. Here are the cards with some quotations from his plays. Your
task is to find Russian equivalents to the quotations.
Card. 1 .Something is rotten in the state of Denmark. а). Бренность, ты зовешься: женщина!
2. Frailty, thy name is woman.б).Всему давайте смысл, но не язык.
3. O, shame! Where is thy blush? в). Век расшатался - и скверней всего, что я рожден восстановить его!
4. Give it an understanding, but no tongue.г). Подгнило что-то в Датском государстве.
5. The time is out of joint: O cursed spite. д). Что ему Гекуба, что он Гекубе, чтоб о ней рыдать?
That ever I was born to set it right. 6. I must be cruel, only to be kind.ж). О стыд! Где твой румянец?
7. What’s Hecuba to him or he to Hecuba? e). Что в имени? То, что зовем
мы розой, и под другим названием сохраняло б свой сладкий запах!
8. When sorrows come, they not single spies.и). Беды, когда они идут, идут не в одиночку, a толпами.
But in battalions.
9. What’s in a name? That which we call a rose к). Коня! Коня! Венец мой за коня!
By any other name would smell as sweet.
10. A horse! A horse! My kingdom for a horse! е). Из жалости я должен быть жесток.
T. Many of Shakespeare’s sonnets have been translated into Russian by
S. Marshak, a well-known Russian poet. Marshak gave them a new life and a
place in Russian poetry. The next task: I’ll give you the sentences
from the sonnet #130, you are to put them in order to make the whole
sonnet. The Russia variant will help you. Sonnet # 130
My mistress eyes are nothing like the sun,
Coral is far more read than her lips’ red;
If snow be white, why then her breasts are dun;
If hairs be wires, black wires grow on her head;
I have seen roses damask, red and white,
But no such roses see I in her cheeks;
And in some perfumes is there more delight
Than in the breath that from my mistress reeks.
I love to hear her speak, yet well I know
That music hath a far more pleasing sound;
I grant I never saw a goodness’ go;
My mistress, when she walks, treads on the ground.
And yet, by heaven, I think my love is rare
As any she belied with false compare.
Ее глаза на звезды не похожи,
Нельзя уста кораллами назвать;
Не белоснежна плеч открытых кожа,
И черной проволокой вьется прядь.
С дамасской розой, алой или белой,
Нельзя сравнить оттенок этих щек,
А тело пахнет так, как пахнет сено,
Не как фиалки нежной лепесток.
Ты не найдешь в ней совершенных линий,
Особенного света на челе,
Не знаю я как шествуют богини,
Но милая ступает по земле.
( Ps read the sonnet).
T. let’s listen to the sonnet in English, Kazakh and Russian languages.
( Ps listen to the sonnet in three languages.)
T. Our lesson is over.